Cultural Resource Management and Archaeology at Chiang Saen, Northern Thailand

By Lertrit, Sawang | Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, March 2000 | Go to article overview

Cultural Resource Management and Archaeology at Chiang Saen, Northern Thailand


Lertrit, Sawang, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies


Introduction

Terms such as "cultural resource management" (CRM) and "archaeological heritage management" have been used in many countries such as the United States, England, Australia and New Zealand for several decades. [1] In Thailand, however, this terminology is somewhat new. The first CRM class in Thailand was introduced by Koranee Sangruchi, who has taught it at Thammasat University in Bangkok for more than three years. Pisit Charoenwongsa, a well-known Thai archaeologist, is another figure who has been active in this field, occasionally publishing papers and articles concerning CRM. [2] If one looks at the nature of CRM work, on the other hand, one will find that Thailand has in fact been engaged in some of the tasks covered by the term since at least the nineteenth century. Preservation and restoration, as well as the mitigation of loss and rescue of archaeological sites from destruction, depletion and deterioration have been practised for many decades. [3]

Since the reign of King Chulalongkorn (1868-1910), if not earlier, the practice of archaeology in Thailand has involved the protection and preservation of what has recently come to be known as "cultural heritage". "Heritage", in terms of archaeological remains, generally refers to monuments and objects built, made and used in ancient times. The purposes of protection and preservation of "cultural heritage" change through time. In 1943, Field-Marshal Pibulsonggram (1897-1964), then Prime Minister, set up a new university, the University of Fine Arts or Silpakorn, in recognition of the need for shaping, propagating and preserving national art and culture. This university began with three faculties: Fine Arts, Sculpture and Performing Arts. To encourage youth to enter the university and learn about their national culture, as well as Thai arts and crafts, university fees were waived.

Cultural resource management in Thailand has focused mainly on the preservation and restoration of archaeological sites and historic towns and on the conservation of ancient objects. Pisit has noted that the bulk of the limited funds made available for archaeology have been allocated for restoration projects, while archaeological research has received only relatively small sums of money [4]. In addition, the administration of archaeological resources is a government monopoly administered by the Office of Archaeology and National Museums (formerly called the Division of Archaeology), under the Fine Arts Department (FAD) of the Ministry of Education. Under the law, the Division of Archaeology is "the key agency working on restoration of ancient monuments and archaeological sites. It is also responsible for the preservation and investigation of archaeological remains for the benefit of the nation, for the sake of the study of the nation's history, and for the perpetuation of the nation's cultural heritage". [5]

Regarding the preservation and restoration projects proposed by the Fine Arts Department during the last decade, there are two different types of projects: Historical Park Projects (HPP) and Preservation and Restoration of Historic Town Projects (PRHTP). To date, there have been ten projects in each category. [6] The Chiang Saen project falls into the latter category.

The two types of projects do not seem to differ from each other in terms of their purposes. That is, the projects are ideally intended to: (1) preserve as much as possible of the original environments of historical and archaeological sites; (2) utilize these historical and archaeological resources to cultivate national pride in the country; and (3) improve the economy at both the national and local levels through cultural tourism. The two types of project can only be distinguished by the fact that each of the ten historical parks is an isolated set of historical or archaeological remains, [7] while the ten PRHTP -- such as Chiang Saen, Chiang Mai, and Songkhla -- are encompassed within active communities. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Cultural Resource Management and Archaeology at Chiang Saen, Northern Thailand
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.