Comparison of Patterns of Alcohol Use between High School and College Athletes and Nonathletes

Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, March 2001 | Go to article overview

Comparison of Patterns of Alcohol Use between High School and College Athletes and Nonathletes


Kathryn M. Hildebrand, Northern Arizona University, and Kimberly L. Bogle and Dewaynef J.Johnson, Florida State University

Alcohol abuse on college and university campuses is recognized nationally as a serious problem. Few studies have investigated whether student athletes are immune from this problem. The purpose of this study was to compare the patterns of alcohol use by athletes and nonathletes. A 20-item survey designed to identify patterns of alcohol use and participation in organized scholastic and collegiate sports was completed by 1,288 college students enrolled at a public university in the Southeast. Gender breakdown of the participants reflected that of the university (55% women, 45% men). The makeup of the participants by class was 25% freshman, 30% sophomores, 22% juniors, and 23% seniors. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, and Spearman rho correlation techniques. An alpha value of .05 was used to determine significant differences. The independent variables used for making comparisons were three groups: nonathletes (never been an athlete), high school athlete (athlete in high school but not college), and athlete (athlete in high school and college). The dependent variables were the frequency of alcohol use, the amount one drank, the frequency of binge drinking, and the age at which one first drank. …

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