Cole, Karl, School Arts
Balance, symmetry, and order formed the canon of art in ancient Greece. The ancient Greeks believed that such elements were inherent in nature. The Greeks loved learning, debate, and physical beauty, and believed that these were reflections of knowledge of the divine.
The Parthenon was the temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, the patron god of Athens, and the god of wisdom. It is an example of the high point in the development of the Greek temple form. Greek temple design had evolved over the centuries out of the megaron of a Mycenaean (pre-Classic Greek culture; flourished c. 1500-1100 BC) house. The megaron was a rectangular hall with a frontal porch supported on columns or piers. The typical Greek temple plan had evolved by the seventh century BC.
The Parthenon sits on the Acropolis in Athens. Most Greek cities had an acropolis (meaning "high city" in Greek). It was usually a rise on which the city's most important temples were built. The Acropolis in Athens was the site of the legendary battle between Athena and Poseidon for possession of Athens as its protector. …