Pulp, Paper Plants Head Pollution List but Industry Still Just 6% of Total

By Friedland, Bruce I. | The Florida Times Union, April 28, 2001 | Go to article overview

Pulp, Paper Plants Head Pollution List but Industry Still Just 6% of Total


Friedland, Bruce I., The Florida Times Union


Byline: Bruce I. Friedland, Times-Union staff writer

When it comes to industrial pollution in Southeast Georgia, the forest product industry is king.

Two of the area's plants, the Georgia-Pacific Corp. pulp mill in Brunswick and the Durango-Georgia Paper Co. mill in St. Marys, produced more than 70 percent of the region's industrial pollution, according the Environmental Protection Agency.

The third-largest polluter is a facility in Brunswick, operated by Hercules Inc., that extracts resins from tree trunks and sells it.

Factory pollution in Bacon, Camden, Charlton, Glynn, McIntosh and Ware counties grew by 3.5 percent to 4.8 million pounds in 1999, the latest year for which data is available. During the same period, Northeast Florida pollution dropped by almost 3 percent.

The Georgia-Pacific plant was the main source of the Southeast Georgia increase.

Between 1998 and 1999, the plant's release of compounds such as methanol, ammonia and acetaldehyde jumped 28 percent to 1.9 million pounds.

Area environmentalists say that though the amount of pollution in the Brunswick area has decreased through the 1990s, the factory discharge still extracts a toll.

"The real concern is when you look at the health problems that these chemicals affect," said Daniel Parshley, a project manager with the Glynn Environmental Coalition, an advocacy group.

On many days, the wind disperses these chemicals. But sometimes weather conditions trap the pollution in the area around the plants, stepping up the health effects, he said.

"The most common complaint we get is 'I was driving near such-and-such a plant, and I had an asthma attack,' " Parshley said.

Though smoke coming from a factory is a highly visible source of pollution in a community, even environmental activists -- who support even tighter standards -- admit that industry is only a piece of the problem.

Moreover, industrial pollution is not the source of the pollution that experts think most affects residents' health.

If one wanted to reduce cancer risk in the region, "you wouldn't start with the big smokestacks," said David Roe, a senior attorney with Environmental Defense, a New York City-based advocacy group. "You'd start with the little ones coming out of the automobiles."

Using public data, Environmental Defense estimates that industrial facilities -- including the Navy -- only account for about 6 percent of the area's pollution. Automobiles, trucks, trains and other forms of transportation account for about 58 percent, said Roe, speaking from the group's Oakland, Calif. office.

The remainder is caused by small businesses, such as dry cleaners and those firms working with metal, plastics and other chemicals. The levels of pollution released by many small companies fall below EPA reporting requirements.

USING A FORMULA

The surge at Georgia-Pacific reflects greater production, said Bert Langley, an official with the Georgia Environmental Protection Division.

"They had a good year," Langley said of the factory, which was busier in 1999 than the previous year.

But production at the plant is not the important part of the story, said Anna Umphress, a spokeswoman for the Atlanta-based forest products giant.

The big increase resulted from a change in the formula that the plant uses to calculate emissions.

"We don't see it as a change," she said.

According to EPA guidelines, paper and pulp plants don't physically measure all their pollution. Rather the figure results from a formula that's directly tied to the amount of pulp material produced.

Those formulas are provided to Georgia-Pacific by the National Council for Air and Stream Improvement, an industry-funded research institute.

The formulas used for calculating paper and pulp mill pollution change each year based on the research results of the National Council's 100-member staff, said Ronald Yeske, its director. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Pulp, Paper Plants Head Pollution List but Industry Still Just 6% of Total
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.