The Life Mag: Pakistan Independence Day - Proud Land with Great Heritage

Birmingham Evening Mail (England), August 14, 2001 | Go to article overview

The Life Mag: Pakistan Independence Day - Proud Land with Great Heritage


Byline: DAVID WHINYATES

PAKISTAN can trace its history back to 2500BC, when a highly developed civilisation flourished in the Indus Valley.

Excavations at Harrappa, Moenjodaro, Kot Diji and Mehr Garh brought to light evidence of an advanced civilisation even in more ancient times.

Around 1500BC, the Aryans overwhelmed this region and influenced the Hindu civilisation, whose centre moved further east to the Ganges Valley.

Later, the Persians occupied the northern region in the 5th century BC up to the 2nd century AD.

The Greeks arrived in 327BC under Alexander of Macedonia and passed away like a meteor, but in 712AD it was the turn of the Arabs, led by Muhammad Bin Qasim, to land somewhere near modern Karachi and they ruled the lower half of Pakistan for 200 years.

During this time Islam took roots and influenced the life, culture and traditions of the people.

In the 10th century AD began the systematic conquest of South Asia by the Muslims from Central Asia, who ruled up to the 18th century.

Then came the British to rule for almost 100 years over what is now Pakistan.

The Muslim revival began towards the end of the last century through Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.

The renowned Muslim leader and educationalist was instrumental in the launch of a movement for intellectual renaissance of the Muslims of South Asia.

In 1930 the well-known poet and philosopher, Allama Muhammad Iqbal, conceived the idea of a separate state for in South Asia. …

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