Copyrights and Wrongs

By Abernathy, Donna J. | Talent Development, August 2001 | Go to article overview

Copyrights and Wrongs


Abernathy, Donna J., Talent Development


Intellectual-property issues have become one of training's most controversial areas, thanks to the influence of the internet. Whether you're facilitating online learning, researching training stats, or just plain curious, it pays to know what you're getting into when using electronic content--and how to stay out of hot water. Here are some tips for navigating digital copyright issues. For legal advice on this topic, be sure to consult a knowledgeable copyright attorney

Tip 1 Remember, new tools, same rules. Copyrights protect the expression of an idea, a concept, or a thought in tangible form--such as a book or video--not the idea, concept, or thought itself.

According to Canada-based Node Learning Technologies Network, "Without a doubt, the power of technology to make exact duplications, easy manipulations, and rapid transmissions of copyrightable material has brought ownership issues to a crisis." A significant difference between life before and after the Net is that instead of what NLTN calls the "intangible traces" of traditional learning, there ate now electronic "artifacts" that can be owned, reproduced, and marketed. Regardless of the medium, you still need permission to use copyrighted material.

The Rights Stuff; thenode.org

Tip 2: Need permission? Just ask. If you're tempted to borrow online content now and beg forgiveness later, fligged-aboutit. Real people and organizations own copyrights and are fussy about preserving the value of their hard work. The only exception to using materials without permission falls under fair use doctrine, addressed in tip 3.

You should contact copyright owners directly for permission to use their materials and keep detailed communication records. If there's no copyright statement, you can determine ownership by conducting a Web search, emailing the Website contacts, or requesting a records search from the U.S. Copyright Office.

Tip 3: Understand what fair use does and doesn't cover (and it often doesn't). Limited exceptions to the permission rule are possible under the fair use doctrine, which includes reproducing portions of original works for

* criticism and comment

* news reporting

* teaching and scholarship

* research.

Further caveats to using copyrighted materials include whether the use will generate profit or depreciate the value of the copyrighted work. It's a thorny area often reserved for the courts. To help guard your own creations from infringement, see tip 4.

Tip 4: Protect your own. Copyright protection begins when an original work is presented in a fixed, tangible form--that is, on a sheet of music, in a book, on film, or in other media. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Copyrights and Wrongs
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.