The Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Landscape of Interior Western Sicily

By Kolb, Michael J.; Tusa, Sebastiano | Antiquity, September 2001 | Go to article overview

The Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Landscape of Interior Western Sicily


Kolb, Michael J., Tusa, Sebastiano, Antiquity


The archaeology of complex societies in western Sicily has traditionally focused upon Greek and Phoenician colonization rather than the development of the indigenous peoples of the interior. The Salemi regional survey project in western Sicily was conceived as a means to track long-term landscape change of this interior `indigenous' landscape. From 1998 to 2000, this survey has conducted an extensive survey of 150 sq. km of the Salemi region, an intensive survey of 8 sq. km around a nearby Late Bronze Age (LBA) hilltop settlement of Mokarta (Mannino & Spatafora 1995; Spatafora & Mannino 1992; Tusa 1992), and an intensive survey of 25 sq. km around the Early Iron Age (EIA) hilltop settlement of Monte Polizzo (FIGURE 1). Survey work is part of the Sicilian--Scandinavian ardmeological project (Morris et al.in press; http://dig.anthro.niu.edu/sicily), an international team of scholars who are undertaking large-scale excavations at Monte Polizzo (FIGURE 2). Preliminary survey results reveal that these LBA and EIA peoples relied on an intricate valley hinterland around their hilltop residences. Moreover, marked differences exist between the LBA and EIA valley hinterlands.

[ILLUSTRATIONS OMITTED]

Over the course of two field seasons, 339 ploughed fields have been surveyed so far using intensive pedestrian survey (10-15-m sweeps). A total of 42,901 non-diagnostic artefacts have been identified, sorted into major chronological categories and counted in the field. An additional 3066 diagnostic artefacts have been collected and analysed in the laboratory. The EBA landscape is tightly concentrated around the top of the small hill of Mokarta (c. 400 m asl). Five residential clusters (less than 1 ha in size) were identified (FIGURE 3), and included surface scatters of diagnostic pottery and other domestic items (flag stones, roof tiles, metal slag, whorls and hammer and grinding stones). A total of three LBA necropoli of rock-cut chamber tombs are located on the steep slopes near by. Five major `off-site' distribution areas of moderately concentrated coarseware were also identiffed, and correlate with at least two modem-day springs. These areas are indicative of field areas.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Four smaller residential clusters around Monte Polizzo (c. 600 m asl) are more broadly distributed with distances of up to 3 km from the hilltop itself (FIGURE 3). Three areas of off-site activity were also located on the southern slopes of Monte Polizzo and the neighbouring mountain of Montagne Grande. Various tombs have been identified, including a major necropolis below Monte Polizzo. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Landscape of Interior Western Sicily
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.