Grades 8-12 Investigating Community Preparedness
The Federal Emergency Management Agency has developed a lesson plan that enables students to look at how their community is preparing for possible disasters and then allows a simulation that demonstrates how difficult handling disasters can be. The exercise involves such skills as: planning, interviewing, writing, public speaking and analysis and problem solving. In the wake of the recent terrorist attacks, it might also serve to help the students feel safer knowing that many groups in the community stand ready to deal with various disasters, both natural and manmade.
Focus Question: How would our community cope in the event of a natural disaster? Who are the people most responsible for our community's survival and recovery?
All communities are subject to fire and flood. Others face such natural hazards as tornadoes, hurricanes or earthquakes. Any natural disaster can impact many people in the community, and all communities plan for such inevitabilities.
All of the following people and more may play a role in your community's disaster preparedness planning and response:
Mayor or City Administrator, City Manager, Public Information Officer, Chief of Police, Fire Chief, Emergency Management Coordinator, Superintendent of Schools, School District Risk Manger, City Building Code Inspector, City Council Members, City Geologist, City Planner, Coordinator of Roads and Transportation, Director of Public Health, Director of Public Works, Superintendent of the Sewage Plant, Superintendent of the Water Department, Electric Company Emergency Officer, Telephone Company Emergency Coordinator, Hospital Safety and Security Manager, Manager of Community's Voluntary Organization Chapter (such as Red Cross).
Determine which individuals are most crucial to your community and/or to the specific natural hazard most common in your area. Add individuals who might be missing from the list. Assign students to contact the individuals and set up interviews. Each student will interview an individual to learn what roles he or she will play in the community's emergency/disaster preparedness plan. The interviews could include these questions:
* What are the current emergency plans for this area? …