Nationwide Nursing Shortage: Is It Causing Stress within Correctional Facilities?

By Laffan, Susan | Corrections Today, October 2001 | Go to article overview

Nationwide Nursing Shortage: Is It Causing Stress within Correctional Facilities?


Laffan, Susan, Corrections Today


We are at the beginning of the worst nursing shortage in history, according to Cheryl Peterson, MSN, R.N., in the January issue of the Online Journal of Issues in Nursing article, "Nursing Shortage: Not a Simple Problem -- No Easy Answers." Nurses across the country are experiencing the grip of this fast-moving shortage, including those who work in correctional facilities.

Factors that are influencing the shortage include the increasing age of working nurses, the potential for retirement, reduced enrollment in nursing programs, poor compensation and increased demands.

The increase in the diversity of the field is another reason for the shortage; 20 years ago, most nurses worked in a hospital setting or physician's office. However, throughout the years, other nursing positions have become available, including those in the areas of home health care, legal nurse consulting, case management and emergency care. Simply stated, the demand and increasing number of patients is bypassing the available supply.

Correctional nursing is a relatively new concept. Although not having trained medical staff in a correctional facility is unfathomable to corrections, up until 15 to 20 years ago, correctional officers dispensed medication and provided first aid, to name just a few duties.

Due to the Eighth Amendment and the Estelle v. Gamble ruling, which states, "Inmates cannot have deliberate medical neglect" and "Inmates are entitled to the same quality medical care as the general public," correctional administrators have realized that nurses are needed to provide it. Today, most correctional facilities have nurses, although the size of nursing staff and amount of coverage vary with each facility.

Administrators in corrections should be concerned about the nursing shortage. The actions of medical departments and their staff may directly impact the number of inmate complaints, as well as medical lawsuits brought against the correctional facility. Correctional and medical administrators must work together to provide the resources necessary for the required "standard of care" entitled to each inmate.

Everyday Stress

Stress is the psychological and physiological reaction that takes place when one perceives an imbalance in the demand level and the capacity to meet that demand.

There are many ways stress enters people's lives. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • A full archive of books and articles related to this one
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Nationwide Nursing Shortage: Is It Causing Stress within Correctional Facilities?
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.