"Sancho Gobernador": ?Una Novela Cervantina?

Cervantes: Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America, Spring 2001 | Go to article overview

"Sancho Gobernador": ?Una Novela Cervantina?


Dicen que en el propio original desta historia se lee que llegando Cide Hamete a escribir este capitulo no le tradujo su interprete como el le habia escrito," reza el principio del capitulo 44 de la segunda parte de Don Quijote, "una algarabia que no se entiende" en el famoso juicio de Clemencin. Por lo que puede concluirse que esto "se habia escrito" de distinta manera de aquella en que se encuentra en el texto de 1615.

Como hipotesis, quisiera sugerir que estas palabras son menos paradojicas si habia existido, con anterioridad, una narracion independiente sobre Sancho gobernador. Habria sido tan autonoma como lo eran, en su tiempo, las novelas del Curioso impertinente y del Capitan cautivo, mentadas a continuacion por la misteriosa voz del inicio de II, 44.

Para hacer esta sugerencia me baso no solo en las palabras ya citadas del "historiador arabigo," sino en el final del capitulo 51. Alli se apunta una serie de logros de Sancho como gobernador, quien "ordeno que no hubiese regatones de los bastimientos... que pudiesen meter en ella vino de las partes que quisiesen... que quien aguase o le mudase el nombre [del vino] perdiese la vida.... Modero el precio de todo calzado...; puso tasa en los salarios de los criados...; puso gravisimas penas a los que cantasen cantares lascivos.... Ordeno que ningun ciego cantase milagro...no...autentico.... Hizo y creo un alguacil de pobres...."

Estas acciones, desde luego, no encajan con la brevisima estancia de Sancho en Barataria. Las frases, con su alta proporcion de verbos y carencia de adjetivos, son tipicas de las terminaciones cervantinas. Por ejemplo, la de Persiles: "Flora determino de casarse.... Se volvieron a Francia.... Bartolome el manchego y la castellana Luisa se fueron a Napoles. …

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