Here, There, Everywhere: The NSguide to United States Military Bases
Grant, Will, Farmer, Jon, New Statesman (1996)
Global attention has been fixed on one US naval base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, where Camp X-Ray has been renovated to hold al-Qaeda prisoners. But in terms of naval, air and army capacity, the United States stretches across the globe, often maintaining a presence in areas whose logistical importance dates back to the cold war doctrine of containment. Here, the New Statesman charts the major United States military bases around the world
Other significant bases:
1 Turkey 2 Mainland Greece 3 Crete 4 Spain 5 Portugal (the Azores) 6 Greenland 7 Netherlands 8 Hungary 9 Belgium 10 Oman 11 United Arab Emirates l2 Bahrain 13 Qatar 14 Canada 15 Kuwait 16 Pakistan 17 Kyrgyzstan 18 Uzbekistan 19 Cuba
There are seven air bases, including RAF Fairford, Gloucestershire; RAF Feitwell, Norfolk; RAF Lakenheath, Suffolk; RAF Alconbury, Cambs; RAF Mildenhall, Suffolk; and RAF Molesworth, Cambs.
On 31 December 1999, the last US military personnel left in compliance with 1977 accords, drawn up by Jimmy Carter and General Omar Torrijos.
Bordering Nicaragua and El Salvador, Honduras has been pivotal to US military involvement in the region's civil wars. By 1987, almost 80,000 US troops had been on exercise in Honduras and 15,000 CIA-organised Nicaraguan Contras had used the country as a base. On May Day 1990, thousands took to the streets in protest at the US military's interference.
Since the end of the cold war, the United States has withdrawn more than 200,000 troops -- 75 per cent of its garrisons -- arguing that the European forward presence forces must be sufficient to promote US interests of access and stability
The US military maintains a number of camps here. The main one, the Aviano Airbase, is home of the 31st Fighter Wing. In 1996, a low-flying jet cut the wires of a cable car in the ski resort of Cavalese; 20 were killed and Italy demanded an inquiry. The pilot and his squadron commander were relieved of their command.
Puerto Rico was the launch pad for the 1983 US intervention in Grenada and has been used as a practice ground for mock assaults. The US military has exclusive use of more than two-thirds of the Puerto Rican island of Vieques, and is embroiled in protracted territorial disputes with the local community.
US marines established a forward operating base last November as the centre of intelligence on the whereabout of Osama Bin Laden and al-Qaeda. …