Toward an Effective Presidency; President as Manager

Manila Bulletin, February 26, 2002 | Go to article overview

Toward an Effective Presidency; President as Manager


Byline: Dr. ISABELO T. CRISOSTOMO

(Editor's note: Dr. Isabelo T. Crisostomo, Ph.D. Public Administration, is a journalist, presidential biographer and former president of the Philippine College of Commerce (now Polytechnic University of the Philippines). He is at work on his fourth presidential book, The Power and the Glory: Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and Her Presidency. His books include political biographies of Presidents Ferdinand E. Marcos (1973), Corazon C. Aquino (1986), Fidel V. Ramos (1990), and Joseph Estrada (1999).

IN modern organizations, managers are involved in planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating, reporting and budgeting. It is essentially the same in government. The President upon taking office sets his plan or vision, organizes his staff to help him implement it, and directs, coordinates and renders reports on how the vision is being given flesh. In government, however, professional management never quite developed the status of a separate discipline, as author Robert B. Reich has observed in his book The Next American Frontier. Thus, the modern President is usually compelled to recruit managers or heads of the executive departments and offices from the private sector, mainly the universities and the business world.

The concept of the President as manager is not new or a scholar's whimsy but grounded in the Constitution, which grants the President awesome powers and duties.

Executive power

The President's duties as manager begin with his role as Chief Executive, as decreed in the Constitution. Article VII, Section 1, provides that "executive power shall be vested in the President of the Philippines." It is his duty to "preserve and defend" the Constitution, "execute the laws," "do justice to every man," and "consecrate" himself to the service of the nation.

The President shall nominate and with the consent of the Commission on Appointments appoint the heads of the executive departments, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, or officers of the armed forces from the rank of colonel or naval captain, and other officers. He shall have control of all executive departments, bureaus, and offices.

In addition, the President shall be the commander-in-chief of all Armed Forces of the Philippines and may call out such armed forces if necessary to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion or rebellion. In case of invasion or rebellion, when the public safety requires it, the President may suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus or place the Philippines or any part thereof under martial law for a period not exceeding sixty days.

The President shall grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, remit fines and forfeitures after conviction by final judgment, except in cases of impeachment, grant amnesty, contract or guarantee foreign loans on behalf of the government and enter into a treaty or international agreement with the concurrence of the Senate. He shall prepare and submit the budget to Congress as the basis of the general appropriations bill covering the expenditures for the operation and projects of the government, address Congress at the opening of its regular session and appear before it at any other time.

Apart from these awesome powers, the President has delegated powers especially in times of war and emergencies.

Presidential management problems

A modern President like Macapagal Arroyo must constantly wrestle with problems more complex than those encountered by corporate managers.

The first of these problems, as presidential scholar Stephen Hess asserts, is the prodigious growth of the presidency as an institution, specifically in terms of sheer size of the President's staff - the people working in the President's office (presidential assistants, advisers or consultants).

A second problem is the increasing influence of these presidential staff members, with a corresponding decline in Cabinet influence, whereby the ability of Cabinet officers to control their own departments is diminished and the lines of authority are blurred. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Toward an Effective Presidency; President as Manager
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.