Eddie George Takes over Ukraine: A Surprising Election Result in the Former Soviet State Worries
Almond, Mark, New Statesman (1996)
"Everyone cheats, but it balances out," was Julia Lishchenko's verdict on the day after the Ukrainian parliamentary elections on 31 March. She is one of the leading journalists and cartoonists in Lviv, the major city in western Ukraine. From her vantage point high up in a typical Soviet tower block overlooking this magnificently decaying city, Lishchenko looks east 500 miles to the eastern part of Ukraine, where the culture is so different. There, Russian is the predominant language and nostalgia for a Soviet past shared with the Russians is strong.
Although she shares the strong Ukrainian nationalism common in the Lviv region, Lishchenko has no hang-ups about speaking Russian, and is realistic about the machinations of all the political forces operating in the country. But she expresses the view, constantly repeated across Ukraine, that voters fall into two clear-cut regional blocs: anti-communist and nationalist in the west, and backward-looking/pro-communist in the industrial and mining centres further east.
Even Lishchenko seemed to think that her own long list of abuses of the election process (including the murder of a candidate three days earlier) did not affect the balance of the outcome: the Ukrainians' political views are deeply held.
A decade of economic reform has produced unemployment and poverty. Even in collapsed societies such as Georgia or Moldova, I had never seen people not only rummaging in dustbins, but putting valuable scraps of food from them directly into their mouths. I saw two women do that in central Lviv. As for the beggars, they were too numerous to count.
Everybody has relatives working abroad, usually illegally. Pathetic columns of locals pour across the nearby borders into Poland, Slovakia or Hungary to do menial work and peddle their wares, often their bodies, in countries that seem poor to western Europeans but are beacons of prosperity to Ukrainians. Children are left in the care of elderly relatives, and run riot in villages where the working-age population has been plunged into unemployment by the collapse of the sole, Soviet-era employer.
Yet in this region, the absolute majority of voters are supposed to have trooped to the polls to endorse the coalition "Our Ukraine", which is led by a 40-year-old, US-trained former central banker, Viktor Yushchenko, who embodies "shock therapy" Ukrainian-style. His chief ally, Yulia Tymoshenko, is the formidable former boss of a privatised energy concern. It is as though the voters of Scotland's central belt had spurned the Labour Party to back a new party led by Eddie George and the chairman of Scottish Power. Yet Ilia Semenov, programme director at Radio Lux, a local station, says that Yushchenko is like a "messiah" to western Ukrainians, despite being an easterner by birth. …