Military Records Include Rebels.(SATURDAY)(THE CIVIL WAR)

The Washington Times (Washington, DC), June 1, 2002 | Go to article overview

Military Records Include Rebels.(SATURDAY)(THE CIVIL WAR)


Byline: Cliff Johns, SPECIAL TO THE WASHINGTON TIMES

The National Archives on Constitution Avenue NW holds the service records of most soldiers and sailors, including - thanks to the diligence of Confederate Adjutant General Samuel Cooper - those of Confederates.

Applying for photocopies of a record is a simple matter, accomplished in just a few hours. For example, the record of Albert Bartlett of Fredonia, N.Y., shows that he was a 21-year-old farmer with a wife and daughter and that he enlisted in the 49th New York Regiment of Volunteers, Company A, in September 1861. He was the maternal great-grandfather of Herndon resident Diana Jeanne Beck.

Formation and mustering-in of New York regiments followed not only President Lincoln's call for 75,000 volunteers in response to the firing on Fort Sumter in April 1861, but the shattering Union defeat at Manassas in July that demonstrated it would be a long war.

The 49th's colonel, Daniel Davidson Bidwell, was a well-known and well-liked military man from Buffalo, and most of his soldiers hailed from there - so the unit was called the 2nd Buffalo. Local ladies presented the citizen-soldiers with a U.S. flag bearing this identifying legend, which they carried into battle.

Arriving in the spring of 1862 on the Virginia Peninsula formed by the York and James Rivers, the 49th experienced its baptism of fire, and during that winter, it fought through the disastrous Union assault at Fredericksburg. In 1864, it found itself heavily engaged during Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Overland Campaign, suffering severe casualties in the Wilderness and especially at Spotsylvania (where a handsome, prominent monument - still visible - was erected to their service near the Bloody Angle).

In the summer of 1864, the 49th defended Fort Stevens during Confederate Gen. Jubal Early's attack on the Washington defenses. That fall, Col. Bidwell was killed during action at Cedar Creek against Early's retreating army and was breveted brigadier general for heroism. The siege of Petersburg followed, and several of the Confederates' attempted breakouts rounded out the 49th's Civil War service.

The remnants marched in the Grand Review down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington in May 1865. The 49th briefly provided military order in war-torn Virginia (Military District No. 1), then answered the last muster roll on June 17, 1865, and returned home to New York state. Fewer than 300 remained of the original 1,000.

Ms. Beck's ancestor, however, met his soldier's moment of personal sacrifice early - near the Dunker Church at Antietam on the afternoon of Sept. 17, 1862, as his unit was ordered to stop the Confederates advancing from the West Woods. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Military Records Include Rebels.(SATURDAY)(THE CIVIL WAR)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.