Current Status of Education Indicators in Philrights' ESCR Project; Part 2.(opinion &Amp; Editorial)
BUREAUCRACY or governance refers to the power distribution within the education bureaucracy. It includes the democratization of the process of decision-making of the education laws and policies form the grassroots to the national levels. The democratization should be practiced in the aspects of planning, implementation and evaluation with the participation of the broadest sectors of stakeholders in education such as legislators, government education officials, the school owners/administrators, teachers, student, personnel, parents and civil society.
Aside from the democratization process, transparency is also an important aspect of governance - particularly in education financing. There must be transparency in the resource mobilization, in the allocation and use of funds, and in the distribution of benefits and opportunities.
Administration and supervision of schools in both formal and nonformal education is likewise a significant component of governance.
Civil society believes that effective democratization is based on the principle of ground-up decision making and not the traditional trickledown process. Transparency is a necessary mechanism to prevent the in-breeding and endemic corruption in the educational bureaucracy.
The first indicator is the humane family living wage for the teachers and school personnel, that should be based on the current cost-of-living index.
Another indicator is an excellent teacher training program. The teacher training institutions should give emphasis to providing future teachers courses in the philosophy of education, curriculum content analysis, and knowledge of their rights and responsibilities under the Magna Carta (Republic Act 4670). In-service training should be provided to the teachers after their recruitment into service and that includes flexible teaching methodology or pedagogy, with motivation and an in-depth grasp of their field of specialization.
Moreover, an important indicator on governance is the participation of students, teachers, employes and parents through their organizations especially at school-levels and on school boards of the local government units (towns, cities provinces). This is an effective way of addressing tensions between the schools and community. Schools should serve the interest of the local community. Schools should serve the interest of the local community and should not function as a separate entity on purely academic purpose.
ANALYSIS: Indicators of the right to education based on Philrights' survey
For the right to education, the variables that are examined are accessibility, facility, curriculum content and teacher's skills, training and welfare indexes. Frequency distribution of these variables shows that 96.9 percent of the respondents think that accessibility is important to the fulfillment of their educational needs. Accessibility here is cheap if not free elementary, secondary, tertiary, adult and vocational education regardless of race, religion, age, gender, mental and physical capacity, and socio-economic status. Fifty percent of the sample for this study finished high school while the other half did not - this is the best reason that can be offered the respondents' priority to accessibility as the most important indicator for the right to education.
Educational facilities are likewise integral to learning according to 98.2 percent of the respondents. To understand the importance of breathable rooms, libraries, a nearby school and having your own set of books will be easily identified by most students who have gone or are still attending public schools. This is because having to walk two hours before reaching school and having to share books with classmates are deeply printed memories for most who have gone through such hardships just to learn how to count, read and write. …