The Old Hog of Ulster

The News Letter (Belfast, Northern Ireland), October 12, 2002 | Go to article overview

The Old Hog of Ulster


NO man should be allowed to be President, who does not understand hogs,' stated Harry Truman (1884-1972). He was the 33rd President of the United States of America and, although it is highly-questionable what, if anything, his successors have known about pigs, Harry Truman would have been conversant in matters porcine.

Before the Great War (1914-1918), he was a farmer and would, probably, have been able to identify America's top swine breeds, such as Duroc-Jersey, Poland China, Chester White and the Hampshire.

At the same time as Harry Truman was working the land of Missouri - the early 1900s - some members of Northern Ireland's pig fraternity were embarking on an exciting project. These people were all enthusiastic breeders of the Large White Ulster.

This breed, sadly now extinct, is believed to have evolved from the old 'Greyhound' pig of Ireland. An illustration of this ungainly beast, depicted by H D Richardson (Domestic Pigs - 1846), shows it to be bristly, coarsely fleshed, long-legged, raggedly tailed and altogether lacking in refinement. However, crossing with English breeds, and better feeding and housing brought about progress. By the 1870s, these improved pigs were becoming more widespread in Ulster.

In February 1905, the council of the Royal Ulster Agricultural Society gathered at 7 Donegal Square West, Belfast. At the meeting, Edward Coey moved the following resolution "that the society publish a herd book to be called the 'Ulster Pig Herd Book' for the registration of the best sows and boars of the White breed". After discussion, it was agreed that the matter be referred to the 'Swine Committee'.

What unfolded over the next three years led to the announcement, in January 1908, that the society, in consultation with the Department of Agriculture, had agreed to a request from pig breeders and bacon curers to establish a herd book for the native breed; the designated name was to be the 'Large White Ulster' and the breed secretary would be Royal Ulster Agricultural Society manager (between 1897-1930), Kenneth MacRae.

At that year's spring show at Balmoral, two classes were held for Large White Ulster pigs and those entered were reported as being 'excellent specimens of the breed'. Among the prizewinners at this historic event in the boar section were J Cunningham, Belmont, Antrim (Right Stamp of Belmont); Mrs E Giffen, Springhill, Crumlin (Young Revenge); Thomas Lindsay, Derryboye House (Ulster Jack); and Mrs Townley, Magherascouse, Ballygowan (Pride of Erin). Winning exhibitors in the female classes included William R Smyth, Ballyalgin; and Robert Suffern, Ballyclan House, Crumlin (Ballyclan Polly).

The latter aspects, regarding the breed's fine and soft skin, meant that it was well-suited for use in the 'Ham and Roll' bacon which Ulster curers were shipping to the North of England and some industrial areas in Scotland. Because the Ulster White pigs bruised easily when transported live, they were often killed on-farm and the carcases, when cool, taken by cart to the markets and bacon factories.

Once here, the carcases would be cut in half and the hams (and sometimes the shoulders) split for separate curing. The skin was left on and, post- curing, the side would be rolled and tied with strings in rings about one-inch apart. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Old Hog of Ulster
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.