Women's Incomes Are Growing Faster Than Those of Men. (Demographics)
Data from the 2000 U.S. Census indicate that while women's median income still ill lags behind men's, it's growing at a faster rate. Women age 45-64 are experiencing the fastest growth in income and have the highest median income among women.
In 2000, 60% of women age 16 or older were in the labor force, up from 57.5% in 1990, according to Census data compiled by New Strategist. Labor force participation is highest among women age 40-49, 79% of whom are in the labor force.
Three quarters (75%) of women who are employed work full-time, and 81% of women age 25-54 work full-time. Women make up 47% of all employed workers and 42% of full-time workers.
In 70% of married couples with children age six or older, both partners work, as do partners in 57% of couples with preschool-age kids. Three quarters of single moms work, as do 69% of single moms with preschool-age kids.
Only 12% of working women belong to unions; women in their late 40s and 50s are most likely to be union members (16% of women age 45-54 and 15% of those age 55-64).
More than 80% of women age 25-54 are projected to be in the labor force by 2010 (see chart on next page).
Women earned 57% of all bachelor's degrees and 58% of all master's degrees in 2000. Two thirds (66%) of female graduating high school seniors enrolled in college in 2000, up from 62% in 1990. By comparison, 60% of male high school seniors enrolled in college in 2000, and 58% enrolled in 1990.
Just over half of women (52%) are currently married, while 23% are divorced or widowed and 25% have never married. More than two in 10 children (22%) live with just their mothers, while 4% live with just their fathers.
The median age for women's first marriages is 25.1 years, the oldest since the Census began recording it. While 73% of women age 20-24 are unmarried, only 39% of 25-29-year-old women are still single. Women age 50-54 are most likely of all women to be divorced; the leading-edge boomer women who make up this age group were among the first to divorce in large numbers (see chart at right).
Women made up 58% of Americans living alone in 2000. Nearly half (48%) of women who live alone are age 65 or older, but sizeable proportions are 45-64 (28%) and under 45 (24%). Married-couple households comprised 53% of overall households in 2000, down from 56% in 1990. …