Ecuador: Presidential Elections Go to Runoff

NotiSur - South American Political and Economic Affairs, October 25, 2002 | Go to article overview

Ecuador: Presidential Elections Go to Runoff


In Ecuador's Oct. 20 general elections, retired Col. Lucio Gutierrez (Partido Sociedad Patriotica, Pachakutik, and the Movimiento Popular Democratico, MPD) surprisingly came in first among the 11 presidential candidates. He will face banana magnate Alvaro Noboa (Partido Renovador Institucional Accion Nacional, PRIAN) in a runoff Nov. 24.

Ecuador, the world's largest banana exporter, is also rich in oil, but about 79% its 13.4 million people live in poverty. The next president will inherit a cash-strapped nation still recovering from a 1999 economic contraction of 7.3%, which led the government to default on part of its debt and dollarize the economy.

In the election, voters chose a president, vice president, 100 congressional deputies, city councilors, provincial leaders, and Andean Parliament representatives. The next president will succeed President Gustavo Noboa (no relation to Alvaro Noboa) on Jan. 15 for a four-year term.

The Tribunal Supremo Electoral (TSE) said Gutierrez took 20.43% of the vote, and Noboa took 17.37%. In third place was Leon Roldos of the Partido Socialista (PS), with 15.43%, and in fourth place was former President Rodrigo Borja (1988-1992) of the Izquierda Democratico (ID) with 14.1%. Final results in the congressional races are still not in.

After leading in the polls for months, Noboa's support dropped significantly just ahead of elections, and experts had predicted he would not make the runoff. Conversely, Borja was widely expected to emerge as one of the two finalists. Most speculation was on who would compete against Borja in the second round.

Turnout was 66%--extremely low in a country where voting is mandatory and absenteeism is punishable by fine. The turnout was also the lowest since democracy was restored in 1979. The vote, and the low turnout, showed a great deal of apathy by an electorate turned off by years of political turbulence and corruption, rising crime, inflation, and unemployment. But they were also a strong rejection of the traditional parties.

The results "illustrate that the Ecuadoran people will no longer tolerate the traditional parties...responsible for the corruption that has destroyed Ecuador," said union leader Fausto Dutan.

Gutierrez seen as untainted by politics as usual

Gutierrez, 44, joined indigenous leaders in storming Congress and ousting President Jamil Mahuad in January 2000 (see NotiSur, 20000-01-28). The following day, the junta that formed an interim government appointed then vice president Gustavo Noboa as head of state.

Gutierrez spent five months in prison following the coup and was freed through an amnesty by Congress. Along with about 20 other former military officers, he formed the Partido Sociedad Patriotica 21 de Enero (see NotiSur, 2000-06-09).

Gutierrez has degrees in civil engineering, administration, and physical education. During the campaign, he said the nation's enemies were poverty, illiteracy, and lack of competitiveness. He said he planned to encourage foreign investment by cracking down on the corruption that has scared away foreign investors.

"The perception of corruption is putting the brakes on foreign investment," he said. After the election, Gutierrez said it was significant that he and Noboa were not professional politicians.

"It is a sign that the Ecuadoran people are tired of the same old politicians," he said. "Who is responsible for the country that we have? We have one of the most corrupt, unjust countries, with the greatest inequalities and greatest migration in Latin America and the world. The moment has come to tell those politicians who do not understand the true concept of democracy: Enough."

Gutierrez said he was opposed to any involvement in Colombia and said US use of the military base in the port city of Manta in western Ecuador should only be for anti-drug trafficking operations. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Ecuador: Presidential Elections Go to Runoff
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.