The African-American Research Library and Cultural Center of the Broward County Library: Building Bridges and beyond. (Community Building)
McCook, Kathleen de la Pena, Reference & User Services Quarterly
It is not often that it can be said about a brand new edifice that it is already replete with history--but such is the case in Florida with the Broward County Library System's new African-American Research and Cultural Center, which opened October 26, 2002, built in the heart of the predominantly African-American area of Fort Lauderdale, Florida. (1)
This modern building is located in the northwest section of Fort Lauderdale, surrounded by a beautifully manicured park, in an area undergoing urban revitalization. The architectural design is the creation of PAWA Complex, International, the largest African-American-owned architectural and engineering firm in Florida.
Cecil Hayes is responsible for the interior design of the building. Hayes, a native Floridian, was raised in and still lives in the Fort Lauderdale area and has the distinction of being listed among the top 100 in the prestigious Architectural Digest, the first African-American to be so honored. (2) Gary Moore, recipient of the National Endowment for the Arts Design for Transportation National Award, is the artistic designer. Broward County Library Director Samuel F. Morrison notes that more than 50 percent of the construction contracts were overseen by African-American corporations--an economic employment boost for the community. Each of these elements is a span in the "bridge."
Methods of funding for the African-American Research and Cultural Center also speak to community involvement. The Links donated $50,000 in memory of Kathleen Cooper Wright, a Link and Broward County School Board member, who died in 1985. Wright was the first Black person to serve on the Broward County School Board and the first Black woman elected to a Florida School Board.
The National Endowment for the Humanities awarded a $600,000 challenge grant in 1997; this was matched with contributions from Dianne and Michael Bienes, the Sun-Sentinel, Blockbuster Entertainment Group, Elliott and Eleanor Goldstein of SIRS, Republic Industries, and the Huizenga Family Foundation. Additional challenge grants came from the Kresge Foundation ($500,000) and the Publix Charities ($250,000). In addition to philanthropic gifts and elegant fund-raising galas, other plans, including a heritage walk composed of dedicated bricks, put the opportunity to donate within reach of "the man in the street." Especially supportive were the Friends of the Von D. Mizell Library. Each donation is recorded with care and appreciation.
The sources of the invaluable contents of many of the collections that will be made available in the Research Center attest to the historical significance of this building.
There is history involved even in the selection of the site for the African-American Research and Cultural Center as reported by Morrison. (3) Morrison has been an integral part of the Broward Library system since 1974 when he served as assistant director. In 1978 a bond issue was placed on the ballot, which included in its provisos the construction of several new libraries. Politically, the library sites were promised for those areas where voting records showed a majority of voters would go to the polls. From this bond issue no libraries were built in the predominantly Black areas. Morrison accepted the reality of this event, but as he states, "I was troubled and left with a nagging feeling of discomfort." The Von D. Mizell Library, the first in the Black area, was a former city of Fort Lauderdale library housed in rented space. Three other small libraries were built in Black communities with federal dollars. The Mizell Library was named for Von Delaney Mizell, a physician and civil rights activist who helped found the Broward County NAACP chapter. (4)
Morrison left Broward County in 1987 to serve as chief librarian of the Chicago Public Library System. Upon his return to Broward County in 1990 he made a personal commitment to "build a library in the African-American area, with county funds. …