Are Lesbians Really Hilarious? Andrew Billen Wonders If It Would Have Been an Idea to Cut Down on the Sex Scenes. (Television)
Billen, Andrew, New Statesman (1996)
The two rules of an Andrew Davies adaptation - and we all know them, especially the second - is that you maximise the humour and you turn up the sex. Davies is the greatest translator of literature into television working today, but his strengths are also his weaknesses. His humour can trivialise and his appreciation of the narrative possibilities of sex can, given sufficient licence by the original text, turn into monotonous bawdy. For my taste, the process that liberates a starchy, moralistic warhorse such as Middlemarch becomes too much of a good thing when applied to something as inherently libidinous as Moll Flanders.
Tipping the Velvet (Wednesdays, 9pm, BBC2), his latest luxury adaptation for the BBC, is not of a staid Victorian novel but a piece of contemporary queer fiction by Sarah Waters that happens to be set in Victorian times. It would have been interesting if he had reversed his normal methodology and turned down the incidences of sex, of which the text evidently provides a surfeit, but tried harder to take the characters seriously. Instead, Davies seems to find lesbians inherently hilarious.
Seeking a clear line through the text, he and his director, Geoffrey Sax, have made the episode in which the heroine, Nan Astley, joins the music hall as a drag king (a cross-dresser) set not only the visual style for the piece but its moral tone. Sex scenes are speeded up and intercut with flashes from Nan and Kitty's (her lover's) act. They are played against songs by Terry Davies that are smuttier than the era would have allowed ("Some they like it this way and some they like it that/Can anybody tell me where's my little Willy now?"). And everyone talks in double entendres.
Most of us have got over the meaning-shift that has occurred to the word "gay", but Davies twice lazily puts the adjective into his characters' mouths. "You seem so very gay and bold," says Nan to Kitty (Keeley Hawes). When they reach London, their impresario, Walter Bliss, welcomes them to the "gay metropolis". Then, showing them to their digs, he says, "You won't mind doubling up, I hope", and we cut away to the room, as if Sax is hoping for a reaction shot from the bed. The only double meaning I actually like is the title, which seems to refer both to what a gentleman does to his bowler when a lady passes and, well, cunnilingus.
By next week's instalment, the whole thing has become a silent-movie version of a picaresque romp. There is much use of Perils of Pauline contracting circles to cut between scenes. …