It's a European Thing; Turkey Finds EU Openly Hostile to Membership bid.(WORLD)(BRIEFING: MIDDLE EAST)

The Washington Times (Washington, DC), November 20, 2002 | Go to article overview

It's a European Thing; Turkey Finds EU Openly Hostile to Membership bid.(WORLD)(BRIEFING: MIDDLE EAST)


Byline: Andrew Borowiec,THE WASHINGTON TIMES

NICOSIA, Cyprus - The statement was blunt: Turkey is not a European country and its admission by the European Union would lead to that organization's demise.

Valery Giscard d'Estaing, a former French president now in charge of drafting the EU's future constitution, made the statement 12 days ago, and it was more than a jolt.

It was a blow to Muslim Turkey's self-esteem and to its aspirations - an ominous portent in its relations with the European Union and its future role on the continent. In effect, it implied the possibility of this key ally's rejection by what one Turkish politician described as "a Christian club."

Turkey "has a different culture, a different approach, a different way of life. ... It is not a European country," Mr. Giscard said, adding that Turkey's capital, Ankara, "is not in Europe" and "95 percent of its population lives outside Europe."

[The boundaries of "Europe" as a cultural space have varied during history, but a common definition of its geographic limits is that Europe extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Russia's Ural Mountains, Ural River and the Caspian Sea in the east, and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains in the south. However, Europe and Asia are not completely separated by water or mountains, and some geographers insist they are part of the same continent.]

Distinctions of culture as cited by Mr. Giscard d'Estaing or based on religion have often been mentioned by European officials behind closed doors, but never in public. In Brussels, the seat of the European Commission, Turkey's candidacy has often been described as a "delayed-action bomb."

A number of officials feel that Turkey would be too cumbersome with its huge area, population of 66 million, high birthrate, Islamic faith and low standard of living.

Despite its small toehold on the west bank of the waterway between the Black and Mediterranean seas, Turkey has been considered a "European power" for several centuries, is a member of NATO and of the Strasbourg, France-based Council of Europe, a deliberative body without significant influence.

In 1999, Turkey was officially accepted as an EU candidate, but no date was set for its membership negotiations.

More important, Mr. Giscard d'Estaing, head of the European Union's constitutional convention, said the draft in progress does not include Turkey. It stops at the European Union's expansion from the present 15 members to 25 by 2004, plus two more countries - Bulgaria and Romania - some time later.

"We are basing everything on a Europe of 25 plus two - period," he was quoted as saying Nov. 8 in the liberal French daily Le Monde. He said if Turkey was allowed to join, Middle Eastern and North African countries would follow, "and it would be the end of the European Union."

"Giscard drops an EU bombshell on Turkey," was a banner headline in the English-language Cyprus Mail.

The Turkish delegate to the constitutional convention promptly branded the blunt chairman as a "Christian fundamentalist." The European Union's enlargement commissioner Guenter Verheugen said he favored Turkey's desire to join the wealthy club, but without a date for negotiations.

"The remarks of President Giscard have created a credibility gap in the mind of Turkish citizens," he said.

The French government quickly distanced itself from the statement of its former president. Some EU officials demanded his resignation. In Turkey, an irate editorial writer asked: "If Jews can be Europeans, why not Turks?"

Nonetheless, the impact of Mr. Giscard d'Estaing's statement lingers on, and with it considerable soul-searching and an examination of the country considered to be in both Europe and Asia.

The question asked by politicians is mainly about the timing of the outspoken Frenchman's interview - a few weeks before the European Union's summit in Copenhagen, at which Turkey hopes to hear a definite date for its membership-application talks. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

It's a European Thing; Turkey Finds EU Openly Hostile to Membership bid.(WORLD)(BRIEFING: MIDDLE EAST)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.