Vocal Behavior in the Dyadic Interactions of Preadolescent and Early Adolescent Friends and Acquaintances

By Feldstein, Stanley; Field, Tiffany | Adolescence, Fall 2002 | Go to article overview

Vocal Behavior in the Dyadic Interactions of Preadolescent and Early Adolescent Friends and Acquaintances


Feldstein, Stanley, Field, Tiffany, Adolescence


An increasing number of studies are concerned with the extent to which the vocal behavior of pairs of individuals in conversational interactions with each other shows mutual vocal coordination or entrainment. Most of these studies have involved the interactions of adults and young adults (e.g., Crown, 1991; Feldstein & Welkowitz, 1987; Field et al., 1992) and, more recently, the interactions of infants with mothers and with strangers (e.g., Beebe, Alson, Jaffe, Feldstein, & Crown, 1988; Cohn & Tronick, 1988; Jaffe, Beebe, Feldstein, Crown, & Jasnow, 2001; Jasnow & Feldstein, 1986). The study reported here examined the interactions of preadolescent dyads. The study had three major aims. The first was to determine whether, and how much, entraimnent, or what we call coordinated interpersonal timing, occurs in the dialogues of preadolescent pairs. Coordinated interpersonal timing, or CIT, refers to changes in the temporal patterns of one person in a conversation as a function of changes in those of the other pers on. The second aim was to provide descriptive statistics of the states that comprise the vocal patterning of preadolescent interactions. The last, but not at all the least aim, was to compare, in terms of the state durations and frequencies and the coefficients of CIT, the interactions of friends and acquaintances in mixed- and same-gender dyads. Thus, the study is primarily an analysis of the temporal structure of preadolescent dialogues. This information was expected to extend our knowledge of what may be the basis for subsequent differences in the social interactions of friends and acquaintances. This expectation is based upon a "dyadic systems" position which holds that the two-person group is a basic psychological unit in which personality is originally formed (Sullivan, 1947) and in which the behavior of one of the individuals is determined by the behavior of both individuals (Jaffe, Beebe, Feldstein, Crown, & Jasnow, 2001). It has been shown (Jaffe et al., 2001) that the degree to which the temporal rh ythms of mothers and their infants are coordinated not only initiates, for four-month-old infants, the formation of an adult dialogue structure prelinguistically, but predicts the quality of the mother-infant relationship that will have developed by age 12 months.

The few investigations that have examined the chronography of children's interactions were concerned with whether the conversational time patterns of the children exhibited CIT, as well as the effects of age, gender, and ethnicity on the conversational time patterns of the children. One study (Welkowitz, Bond, & Feldstein, 1984a) of Hawaiian children found that the vocal time patterns are stable indices of children's conversational behavior, and that the patterns seem to vary as a function of the gender and ethnicity of the conversational pairs. Another study (Welkowitz, Bond, & Feldstein, 1984b) of Japanese-American children and adults in mixed- and same-gender pairs found gender effects for the adults but not for the children. Two earlier studies (Garvey & BenDebba, 1974; Welkowitz, Cariffe, & Feldstein, 1976) seemed to indicate that the development of CIT is positively related to age. However, none of these studies involved preadolescents, and the techniques for assessing CIT were relatively crude. In the present study, CIT was estimated by the use of time-series regression analyses.

METHOD

Participants

The 30 female and 26 male pre- and early adolescents who participated in the study were recruited from two sixth-grade classes at the West Laboratory Elementary School for a study by Field et al. (1992). The average age of the participants was 11.5 years, and the friends knew each other for an average of 4.2 years. The acquaintances knew each other for approximately five months. The selection of friends and acquaintances was made on the basis of a sociogram that presented cartoon faces with messages in balloon-like clouds coming from the cartoon faces such as "I know ______ the best" and "I know ______ the least. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Vocal Behavior in the Dyadic Interactions of Preadolescent and Early Adolescent Friends and Acquaintances
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.