Ethnic Intermarriage in Canada (1)

By Kalbach, Madeline A. | Canadian Ethnic Studies Journal, Summer 2002 | Go to article overview

Ethnic Intermarriage in Canada (1)


Kalbach, Madeline A., Canadian Ethnic Studies Journal


ABSTRACT/RESUME

Since the late nineteenth century the rate of ethnic intermarriage has been increasing in Canada. This paper analyzes current levels of ethnic intermarriage in Canada during the 1990s in relation to the historical trends reported in earlier analyses. Differences between husbands and wives and the native-born and foreign-born are examined for Canada as a whole using data from the 1996 Census. Intermarriage data are also presented for husbands and wives residing in five Prairie major CMAs as well as for Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Overall, husbands tend to marry exogamously to a slightly greater extent than wives, the native-born tend to exhibit higher rates of ethnic exogamy than their foreign-born counterparts, and the Prairie CMAs have higher rates of ethnic endogamy compared to Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Depuis la fin du dix-neuvieme siecle, le taux de marriage entre divers groupes ethniques au Canada a toujours augmente. Le present article fait l'analyse des niveaux courants d'intermarriage ethnique au Canada pendant les annees 1990s, quant a les tendances historiques rapportes ailleurs. Les differences entre les maris et les epouses, et entre les Canadiens de naissance et ceux qui sont de provenance etrangere, sont examinees en somme, en utilisant les donnees du Recensement de 1996. Les donnees pour l'intermarriage ethnique sont aussi presentees pour les maris et les epouses qui habite a cinq villes majeurs (CMAs) des Prairies, et aussi pour Toronto, Montreal, et Vancouver. En general, les maris se dirigent vers le marriage exogame un peu plus que les epouses, les Canadiens de naissance montre des taux d'exogame ethnique plus eleves que leurs contre-parties de provenance etrangere, et les villes majeurs (CMAs) des Prairies ont des taux plus eleves de l'endogame ethnique en comparaison de Toronto, Montreal, et Vancouver.

INTRODUCTION

By definition, intermarriage means the crossing of some well-defined line such as ethnic origin or religion in mate selection. Thus, ethnic intermarriage (ethnic exogamy) occurs when an individual marries a spouse of an ethnic origin different from his or her own. On the other hand, ethnic endogamy (ethnic intramarriage) occurs when an individual marries someone of the same ethnic origin as him- or herself. In a multicultural society such as Canada, minority persons who marry within their own minority ethnic or cultural origin group are said to be more ethnically-connected than individuals who marry exogamously. They are considered to be relatively more assimilated than those who retain their original ethnic ties through marriage.

The purpose of this paper is to analyze current levels of ethnic intermarriage in Canada during the 1990s in relation to the historical trends of ethnic intermarriage reported in an earlier analysis by Kalbach (2000). Variations in intermarriage patterns for both native-born and foreign-born husbands and wives will be examined for a selected number of ethnic origin groups, e.g., English, Irish, Scottish, French, Ukrainian, German, Greek, Italian, Chinese, East Indian, West Asian/Arab, and Black/Caribbean ethnic origins at the time of the 1996 Census. This paper also examines the overall pattern of ethnic intermarriage regardless of ethnic origin for husbands and wives living in Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver and the five Prairie CMAs, i.e., Edmonton, Calgary, Regina, Saskatoon, and Winnipeg.

Intermarriage and Assimilation

Certain behaviours are commonly considered indicators of assimilation. In a predominantly English-speaking society like Canada, for example, an immigrant who can speak English is considered more assimilated or acculturated than one who cannot. Similarly, a relatively higher degree of assimilation is attributed to an immigrant who marries a spouse of a different ethnic or cultural origin than to one who remains ethnically-connected through marriage to his/her own group. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Ethnic Intermarriage in Canada (1)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.