NDIA Lists Top Defense Issues for 2003. (Government Policy Notes)
Steffes, Peter M., National Defense
NDIA's Board of Directors has approved the association's "Top Issues for 2003." The issues--which were proposed by NDIA's Government Policy Advisory Committee, whose membership includes all chapter presidents, as well as the chairs of all committees and divisions--are as follows:
Issue 1: Funding America's Defense for Wartime and Transformation.
Defense spending increased by $50 billion for fiscal year 2003. However, 80 percent of the increase does nothing more than make necessary, fact-of-life adjustments that do not contribute to the modernization of the nation's war-fighting capability.
The chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Air Force Gen. Richard Myers, noted in his 2003 posture statement to Congress that the Defense Department "should spend $100 billion to $110 billion per year for several years to come to re-capitalize today's force structure.
Failure to provide adequate funds for research and development and procurement could cause an already consolidated defense industrial base to lose even more capacity to design, develop and produce future weapons.
While the defense budget must continue to grow significantly, every effort also must be made to keep improving military efficiency and to apply the savings to increased war-fighting capacity.
Issue 2: Sustaining the Defense
In order to meet its requirements for leading-edge capabilities at affordable prices, the Defense Department must increase investment spending, while strengthening the financial health of the defense industrial base.
However, if a transformation-minded Pentagon is to retain or gain access to the best technology that industry has to offer, many challenges remain.
The department should look upon these challenges as opportunities, as it continues to develop an understanding of the demands and pressures of the defense marketplace, as well as a closer partnership with its private sector suppliers.
Rapidly developing demands for the very different capabilities associated with the services' transformation plans require a fresh assessment of how to accomplish this relatively long-term evolution.
Such an assessment should consider the appropriate balance between the public and private segments, the technology and production base of each sector and the program phasing necessary to sustain each.
Issue 3: Protecting the Defense Industrial Base
To date, the department's critical infrastructure program has only begun to focus on the defense industrial base. This base is itself dependent upon a network of critical infrastructures--electrical power, water supply, transportation and communications--whose vulnerabilities currently are being examined, Interdependencies among base components, however, have yet to be analyzed in detail. As a result, few risk-mitigation measures are now in place to reduce the probability of a terrorist attack against any single component or to ensure continuity of operations.
Assessing the vulnerabilities of the defense industrial base will require industry participation. But for industry to participate fully, these vulnerabilities must be protected from public disclosure.
Issue 4: Improving the International Competitiveness
As part of a comprehensive assessment of U.S. defense trade policies, the administration is examining all export-control laws, regulations and administrative practices to ensure that they appropriately balance national security requirements with continued viability of the defense industrial base.
NDIA strongly supports this assessment. The defense industry has been burdened for many years by inadequacies in the current export-control process. …