Effects of Bee Pollen on Maximum Oxygen Consumption ([VO.Sub.2]max), Blood Parameters, and Recovery Time of Endurance Athletes. (Exercise Physiology and Fitness)

By Zorba, Erdal; Mollaogullari, Hacalet et al. | Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, March 2003 | Go to article overview

Effects of Bee Pollen on Maximum Oxygen Consumption ([VO.Sub.2]max), Blood Parameters, and Recovery Time of Endurance Athletes. (Exercise Physiology and Fitness)


Zorba, Erdal, Mollaogullari, Hacalet, Erdemir, Ybrahim, Konukman, Ferman, Yilmaz, Ilker, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport


Many dietary ergogenic aids are being used by athletes to have optimal performance amongst them bee pollen research has showed that it had positive effects on body functions and certain illness when used as a nutritional supplement (Williams, 1995), for muscular endurance and strength of athletes (Chen et. al, 1986), muscular strength of rats (Shuyun, 1989); and maximum oxygen consumption ([VO.sub.2]max) of adolescent swimmers (Maughan & Evans, 1982). Yet there have also been studies that have provided conflicting results and did not support the effects of bee pollen on perceived exertion of athletes (Woodhouse et. al, 1987) and, white blood cell count, hemoglobin concentration in rats (Liebelt & Calcagnetti, 1999). Endurance type of sports activities requires high O2 supply. High maximal aerobic power ([VO.sub.2]max) is one of the important determining factors for a good athletic performance in many team sports (Bompa, 1999; Potteiger, 2000). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of bee pollen on VO2max, blood parameters (serum cholesterol, serum glucose, serum triglyceride, HDL-C (High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol), LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein), total protein (Albumin and Globulin), WBC, RBC, HGB and recovery time

of endurance athletes. Participants were recruited from athletes who performed endurance type of exercise on a regular basis in a collegiate track team. …

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