Learner and Environmental Constraints Influencing Fundamental Motor Skill Development of At-Risk Hispanic Preschoolers. (Motor Behavior)

By Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Suminski, Richard | Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, March 2003 | Go to article overview

Learner and Environmental Constraints Influencing Fundamental Motor Skill Development of At-Risk Hispanic Preschoolers. (Motor Behavior)


Goodway, Jacqueline D., Suminski, Richard, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport


The Hispanic population has been targeted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a group for which more data are needed in an attempt to promote physical activity. Specifically, little is known about the fundamental motor skill (FMS) development of young Hispanic children. Given that FMS are considered to be the building blocks to later physical activity, it seems important to examine the developmental status of these skills and the variables that might influence them. From a theoretical perspective, Newell (1984) suggests that motor performance is a product of constraints imposed by the learner, task and environment. In line with this theory, the purpose of this study was to examine the influence of environmental and learner constraints on the locomotor and object control (OC) skill development of Hispanic preschoolers. Participants consisted of 122 Hispanic preschoolers (mean age 59.6 months) who were enrolled in a compensatory preschool program and identified as at risk of developmental delay . Learner constraints (gender and body mass index [BMI]) and environmental constraints (number of biological and environmental risk factors, activity level of child, and family support for the child's development) were evaluated and entered into two regression equations with the two dependent variables being locomotor and OC skill development as measured by the Test of Gross Motor Development (Ulrich, 1985). …

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