Physical Activity Determinants in Adults with Cognitive Disabilities. (Special Populations)

By Frey, Georgia; Buchanan, Alice M. et al. | Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, March 2003 | Go to article overview

Physical Activity Determinants in Adults with Cognitive Disabilities. (Special Populations)


Frey, Georgia, Buchanan, Alice M., Rosser, Dawn, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport


The purpose of this study was to examine the determinants of physical activity behavior in adults with cognitive disabilities (CD). Physical activity participation is a complex and dynamic behavior that is affected by a variety of social, psychological, environmental, and physiological factors. The impact of disability experienced by adults with CD may create physical activity determinants that are unique to this population. Research indicates that adults with CD are inactive and at risk for development of chronic diseases associated with inactivity (Frey, 1997; Pitetti & Campbell, 1991; Pitetti, Rimmer, & Fernhall, 1993). However, there have been no documented attempts to identify the factors that influence physical activity in this population. Investigating physical activity determinants in this population is complicated because standard survey instruments used for people without CD can be leading due to the a priori nature of survey questions. Qualitative methodology is a more appropriate choice for learni ng about physical activity participation of individuals with CD. Two women and three men with mild CD volunteered to participate and each participant provided informed consent. Two participants were diagnosed with Down syndrome and three with idiopathic mental retardation. …

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