An AIDS Wake-Up Call: A Documented Case of Female-to-Female Transmission Raises a Question: Why Are Lesbians Excluded from Most HIV-Prevention Messages? (Health)

By Bull, Chris | The Advocate (The national gay & lesbian newsmagazine), March 18, 2003 | Go to article overview

An AIDS Wake-Up Call: A Documented Case of Female-to-Female Transmission Raises a Question: Why Are Lesbians Excluded from Most HIV-Prevention Messages? (Health)


Bull, Chris, The Advocate (The national gay & lesbian newsmagazine)


When a 20-year-old woman tested positive for HIV last year, her physicians were baffled. The woman had no history of injection-drug use, blood transfusions, body piercing, or heterosexual intercourse. It turned out that her bisexual female partner was HIV-positive and that her partner's physician had counseled her to use protection only with her male partners, since female-to-female transmission is considered so rare.

According to the February 1 issue of the influential journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, this is among the first documented cases of HIV transmission through female-to-female sex. Working together, researchers at two Pennsylvania hospitals matched the genotype of the HIV strain of the two women, which included six identical mutations that made it resistant to several anti-HIV medications.

With HIV-prevention efforts in the United States largely focused on male-to-male and male-to-female transmission, the report could become a wakeup call to public health officials and AIDS educators who have spent little time or resources reaching out to women who have sex with women.

"There are many, many lesbians who are being told they're not at risk for HIV," says Dawn Harbatkin, a board member of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association and director of medicine at the Callen-Lorde Community Health Center in New York City. "Many women who have sex with women believe they have nothing to worry about. That's exactly the situation that facilitates new transmissions of HIV."

Adds Talata Reeves, director of women and family services at Gay Men's Health Crisis in New York City: "What's so striking about the Pennsylvania case is that the HIV-positive partner was advised by a physician to use protection only with male partners. It speaks to the mythology that women can't get HIV from their female partners, shared by doctors and the larger community alike."

The Clinical Infectious Diseases report speculates that the 20-year-old contracted HIV from her female partner of two years through vaginal bleeding. "Sexual practices included sharing of sex toys and oroanal and orogenital contact, which never occurred during menses but which was occasionally traumatic enough to draw blood," it states. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

An AIDS Wake-Up Call: A Documented Case of Female-to-Female Transmission Raises a Question: Why Are Lesbians Excluded from Most HIV-Prevention Messages? (Health)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.