As Sanctions Ease on Myanmar, Aid to Refugees Dries Up (+Video)

By George, William Lloyd | The Christian Science Monitor, April 23, 2012 | Go to article overview

As Sanctions Ease on Myanmar, Aid to Refugees Dries Up (+Video)


George, William Lloyd, The Christian Science Monitor


International donors are jumping at the chance to aid people inside Myanmar as sanctions ease. But refugees just outside the country are on the losing end.

The European Union joined the rest of the West today, loosening trade sanctions against Myanmar (Burma) as a reward for all of its recent reforms. The easing sanctions are widely seen as another positive step for the country.

The recent reforms inside Myanmar may be highlighting the country's promise, however, some nongovernmental organizations providing aid to refugee camps for the past 20 years on the Thai- Myanmar border in Thailand have lost funding, and it's hitting refugees hard.

Nearly 150,000 refugees have fled civil war in eastern Myanmar citing oppression and human rights abuses over the past two decades. They live in tent camps, are not permitted to work in Thailand, are afraid to return to Myanmar, and depend on international aid to survive.

"Before we were in a very difficult position but at least we had the food that we needed," says Saw Eh So, a refugee. "Now we have to find ways to find the food ourselves."

While the worldwide economic recession put a significant amount of pressure on donors, forcing them to reduce their support for border-based aid groups, analysts say that providing aid to groups inside Myanmar has become more attractive for donors.

"We have definitely noticed a shift," says Francois Noisten, who has been working on the border for 20 years treating malaria. While not losing any funding for his organization, Mr. Noisten says, "Funders are more interested in funding inside than they were before."

According to the Thai Burma Border Consortium (TBBC) responsible for providing food rations to the refugees, the reduction in funding has had several negative effects on the camps in Thailand. "The refugees have to go out for food the increased mobility puts them at risk," Noisten says. Because the refugees are undocumented they are at high risk of being exploited by local communities or forced to return to war zones in Myanmar's Karen state to get work or food. "There are also nutritional issues, they are receiving less nutrition than what they should be receiving," he says.

Another major concern is the effect the funding reduction has on education. The Karen Refugee Committee - Education Entity (KRC-EE) which oversees education in the camps, has also lost much of its funding for running the education services in the camps.

"Since the funding reductions started we have lost over 60 percent of our annual funding," said Law Plah Min secretary of the KRC-EE. …

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