On Religion and Social Issues, Women Trend Right
Marilyn Gardner, writer of The Christian Science Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor
As conservative religious groups grow more politically active, American women are becoming more religious and more conservative on a number of social issues, including abortion, divorce, and affirmative action.
Those are among the findings of a national survey examining the religious involvement of 1,000 women. Three-quarters of women polled say religion plays a very important part in their lives, up from 69 percent in 1996. And half of Christian women call themselves "born again" or evangelical, a 7 percent increase since 1996.
"Women tell us that a lot of good things about religion regarding friendship, support, and ethical standards are important to them," says Faye Wattleton, president of the New York-based Center for Gender Equality, which commissioned the survey. At the same time, a majority of women are taking a "shopping cart" approach to religion. They accept many of their denomination's teachings but make their own choices on such personal issues as marriage, birth control, and whether or when to have children, even if those decisions conflict with their religion. Yet Ms. Wattleton calls some of the findings "very disturbing," revealing "seismic shifts" in the way women view religion and politics. Women, she says, are "increasingly comfortable" with religious involvement in political debate, which she terms "religiopolitics." Only half of respondents say that "religion and politics should not mix," compared with 63 percent in 1996. …