A Rose Is
Kendall, Nancy M., The Christian Science Monitor
The rose is the national flower of the United States and England. How has it influenced our language and history?
1. This ancient queen invited her paramour to her palace, but only after she'd had her floors covered knee-deep with rose petals - so deep was her belief in the romance of the rose. Who was one of the greatest admirers of this flower?
2. The expression "under the rose," meaning "confidential," came from the Roman tradition of hanging a rose over a conference table. The code of honor was that nothing spoken under the rose was to be repeated. What Latin expression with a rose means "secret"? 3. What French empress was one of history's greatest rose collectors - more than 250 varieties - and sent scouts out all over the world to fill her royal gardens with whatever they could dig up? 4. This US president was the first to plant rosebushes at the White House in Washington. Later, his son enjoyed the roses, too. Who was the president to establish the Rose Garden? 5. What do we call a flower motif made of pleated ribbon or plaster that looks like a rose but doesn't smell like one? 6. It takes 4,000 pounds of pressed rose petals to make one pound of fragrant oil for perfumes and cosmetics. What do we call this precious oil? 7. The Romans were so fond of roses they imported bargefuls of petals and rose hips from Egypt, the big producer. What did the Romans have in their fountains, and what did they sprinkle on their pigeons so they'd flutter scentfully overhead? …