Ancient Egypt's Anonymous Art
Andreae, Christopher, The Christian Science Monitor
This ancient Egyptian painted limestone sculpture was bought by the Detroit Institute of Arts half a century ago, and no more is known about it today than was known about it then. It is impossible to know who the man - or the sculptor - was. Such dearth of knowledge is part and parcel with the nature of most old Egyptian art.
This is simply a "Seated Man" - a fairly common type found in tombs from the Old Kingdom (ca. 2700-2200 BC) - without an inscription to say who he was. William Peck, the curator of ancient art at the institute, says this piece was purchased through the art market, and the dealer provided no provenance. Mr. Peck describes the figure as "a middle-ranking official." Its function, according to Egyptian belief about 2400 years BC, was to be a replacement body for the departed.
The art of the ancient Egyptians must be understood on its own terms. Peck points out they had no words for "art" or "artist. …