Strength through Squabbling ; A History of American Foreign Policy through Four Competing Factions

By Nenneman, Richard A. | The Christian Science Monitor, January 1, 2002 | Go to article overview

Strength through Squabbling ; A History of American Foreign Policy through Four Competing Factions


Nenneman, Richard A., The Christian Science Monitor


If you've suddenly become interested in US foreign policy - say by the cataclysm of Sept. 11 - and wanted to do some serious reading to understand the US in its historical relationship with the wider world, there's no better place to start than this book by Walter Russell Mead.

"Special Providence" is not only a treasure trove of information put together in an engaging writing style. The book takes a unique look at the formation of policy. Mead, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, believes that throughout most of our history at least four identifiable factions have been at work, each having some voice in the formation of policy. He names these factions after four US presidents, although the descriptions don't fit every one of their actions:

* The Hamiltonians, who from the beginning wanted to use foreign policy to aid in making the nation a viable and then strong international economic power.

* The Wilsonians, including many who came before Wilson, who also had an international outlook, but one that was attuned to spreading American democratic ideals and building international institutions to support them.

* The Jeffersonians, who also believed in democratic ideals, but believed it was enough to support them at home. In fact, the Jeffersonians feared that trying to engage the rest of the world, even for benevolent purposes, would involve the raising of large armies, burdensome taxation to support the armies, and the possible loss of liberties at home.

* The Jacksonians, the most ignored group and yet probably the largest in the nation. Jacksonian democracy was the nation's first populist movement, and the Jacksonians did not fear the use of government power to help the average American prosper. But their interests were more local. The heirs of the Scots-Irish of the hills of western Virginia, they eventually came to include much of heartland America and, today, encompass much of the working middle class. They had and have a high sense of individual responsibility, of independence, loyalty, and honor. It is when this sense of honor is trespassed upon that they are quick to bear arms. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Strength through Squabbling ; A History of American Foreign Policy through Four Competing Factions
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.