Can Antiabortion Catholics Support Obama? Some Do
Roman Catholics - a sought-after swing vote in several battleground states - are caught up in a charged debate over how to apply the church's moral teaching to politics.
Like other Americans, Catholics rate the economy as the top issue for this election. But the political debate has once again pushed the contentious issue of abortion to the fore, potentially affecting how some "undecideds" vote. It has also stirred concerns that partisanship on the part of a few church leaders could damage the role of faith in public life.
Four years ago, conservatives helped deliver the Catholic vote to George Bush over fellow-Catholic John Kerry, insisting that an antiabortion stance was a litmus test for the candidates.
Viewing that effort as divisive and narrow, other Catholics have since worked to broaden the political agenda to more fully reflect the church's social teaching and its emphasis on promoting the common good. They've created new organizations, such as Catholics United and Catholics in Alliance for the Common Good, and reached out to ordinary Catholics of every stripe, urging them to consider candidates' positions on a wide range of societal issues.
"These new groups are moderate voices who are presenting the whole array of Catholic social teaching, and they are having an impact," says the Rev. Thomas Reese, senior fellow at Woodstock Theological Center at Georgetown University in Washington.
At the same time, the US bishops modified their election guidelines for 2008, presenting a moral framework but emphasizing individual responsibility for "prudent" decisionmaking. Calling abortion "an intrinsic evil" that must be opposed, they nevertheless left the door ajar to voting for a candidate who supports abortion rights. In "Forming Consciences for Faithful Citizenship," the bishops write: "There may be times when a Catholic who rejects a candidate's unacceptable position may decide to vote for that candidate for other morally grave reasons." (They also highlighted fundamental concerns that include war and peace, poverty, healthcare, a living wage, and environmental stewardship.)
Despite this opening, the endorsement of Barack Obama by prominent Catholic Republican Douglas Kmiec, a constitutional law expert at Pepperdine University, came as a great surprise to Catholics. Professor Kmiec, a former legal adviser to Presidents Reagan and George H.W. Bush, has written a controversial book - "Can a Catholic Support Him?" - detailing his rationale for Senator Obama based on the Catholic tradition.
While disagreeing with the Democrat's abortion-rights position, he sees the candidate as sharing the broader worldview of Catholic social teaching. Kmiec once worked on briefs seeking to overturn Roe v. Wade, but he argues that the commitment to programs that reduce abortions will be more effective than continuing to try to reverse Roe. Even if a reversal were achievable, it would only throw the decision back to the states and abortion would continue, he says.
"It's an argument that will make sense to Catholics who are pragmatists," says Father Reese.Kmiec's comments immediately got him into trouble. A local priest attacked him in a sermon and refused to give him Communion. (Cardinal Roger Mahony, archbishop of Los Angeles, later called that action indefensible.) Church leaders insist that efforts to overturn Roe continue as well as programs to reduce abortions. …