Mexican Migrants Send Money Home `Lost Manpower' Becomes Venture Capital

By Juanita Darling 1993, Los Angeles Times | St Louis Post-Dispatch (MO), December 1, 1993 | Go to article overview

Mexican Migrants Send Money Home `Lost Manpower' Becomes Venture Capital


Juanita Darling 1993, Los Angeles Times, St Louis Post-Dispatch (MO)


The first time Salvador Espinoza went north looking for work, he was 16 and so broke that he had to walk the 1,400 miles from his hometown to the Mexicali border crossing.

Forty years later, he commutes between his vegetable processing plant in Salinas, Calif., and his cattle ranch and hotel in Jerez in a maroon Cadillac with his name emblazoned on the side.

His collection of Stetsons, a red Corvette and a gold chain that ends with his initials set in diamonds have earned Espinoza the nickname "Pancho-dolares."

The poor rancher's son is not shy about sharing the secret of his success:

"America is a land of opportunity, if you work. But you have to work. I left Mexico, because I had no chance to better myself here."

His advice repeats the common wisdom that has sent generations of villagers north to seek their fortunes. In the process, half a dozen Mexican states have developed a migrant tradition that has transformed rural hamlets into international communities.

Just as there are no good estimates of the number of illegal immigrants in the United States - figures range from 3.5 million to 8 million - no one really knows what proportion of Mexicans migrate rather than put down roots in the United States. But the number is large - a majority, most researchers say.

The most successful immigrants, like Espinoza, become employers.

After his three-month hike to Mexicali, Espinoza roamed America for two years, getting jobs wherever he could as a farm worker or on construction cleanup crews. He eventually became a contractor in California's Central Valley, finding workers in Mexico for U.S. growers.

One Sunday, he filled a rented pickup with lettuce that pickers had left in the fields the week before and sold it for $1,000 to a business that cuts up vegetables for salads for fast-food restaurants. The next week, he rented two trucks. As the business grew, Espinoza planted his own lettuce, using a loan from his customer to rent the fields. "Even my daughters have chopped lettuce," he said. "I want my kids to know how money is made."

Now, he employs 400 people in Salinas, Calif. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Mexican Migrants Send Money Home `Lost Manpower' Becomes Venture Capital
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.