Andrew Carnegie: He Lived American Dream

By Robert Bianco Of The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette | St Louis Post-Dispatch (MO), January 2, 1997 | Go to article overview

Andrew Carnegie: He Lived American Dream


Robert Bianco Of The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, St Louis Post-Dispatch (MO)


PBS' "American Experience" spends two hours tonight telling the story of a Scot who achieved what many viewed as the American dream: the rise from poverty to power and vast fortune as a captain of industry.

In 1900, when Andrew Carnegie sold his Carnegie Steel to J.P. Morgan for $480 million, Morgan called him "the richest man in the world."

Then Carnegie, who was fond of saying, "The man who dies rich dies disgraced," set about giving away $350 million in 10 years, establishing among other things, music halls, museums, swimming pools, gymnasiums and more than 3,000 libraries around the world. Carnegie had amassed his money through the labor of his steelworkers, who worked 12-hour days, seven days a week, for 14 cents an hour, and he may have felt a bit guilty. His biographer, Joseph Frazier Wall, says Carnegie once wrote that his philanthropy was not only obligatory, but also "proves a refuge from self-questioning." Born in 1835 in Dunfermline, the medieval capital of Scotland, Carnegie was the son of a skilled weaver who worked at home until he was displaced by the Industrial Revolution. Carnegie's mother, the materialistic and socially ambitious daughter of a political radical, mended shoes to hold the family together. After the hard winter of 1848, the family immigrated to Pittsburgh, where her sisters lived. Andrew was 12, with five years of schooling. He set to work stoking boilers, then became a telegraph messenger, a job that enabled him to meet businessmen. When he was 17, Thomas A. Scott, superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad, hired him, and the young man began his climb from rags to riches. Carnegie, whose mother had often told him to "look after the pennies, and the pounds will look after themselves," set out to cut costs for his employers by improving efficiency and cutting wages. He continued that practice throughout his career, first making iron and then, when he saw that the age of iron was over, low-cost steel for bridges, skyscrapers and U. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Andrew Carnegie: He Lived American Dream
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.