Ibero-Americans to Move toward Integration Policy Seen as Economic Necessity as World Develops Trade Blocs. LATIN AMERICAN SUMMITRY

By David Clark Scott, writer of The Christian Science Monitor | The Christian Science Monitor, July 17, 1991 | Go to article overview

Ibero-Americans to Move toward Integration Policy Seen as Economic Necessity as World Develops Trade Blocs. LATIN AMERICAN SUMMITRY


David Clark Scott, writer of The Christian Science Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor


THE dream of unity has eluded Latin America for decades.

But as leaders from 21 nations, including Spain and Portugal, gather for the first Ibero-American summit, the reality of integration now appears closer than ever, analysts say.

On July 18 and 19, the heads of state will meet in Guadalajara, Mexico, under the lofty rubric of "Ibero-America in the Third Millennium."

Mexican officials play down the possibility of any bold new initiatives. But the fact that all Latin leaders will sit down at one table has historic significance, Venezuelan President Carlos Andres Perez noted last week. And the presence of the region's odd-man-out, Cuban President Fidel Castro Ruz, will undoubtedly spice up the occasion.

With the notable exception of Mr. Castro, Latin leaders are now marching to a similar beat. Every nation in the region has at least formally adopted democratic rule. And each is emerging from the debt-induced crisis of the 1980s ready to discard protectionist, state-dominated economic policies in favor of reducing trade barriers and embracing market-oriented reforms. Integration needed

"For perhaps the first time, ... the process of integration forms a real and central part of the national development policies," says Carlos Perez de Castillo, secretary general of the Latin American Economic System (SELA), a 26-nation forum for regional cooperation in Caracas, Venezuela.

The SELA chief sees integration as no longer an option, but an economic necessity in a world of developing trade blocs: "The summit is one more instrument to fortify an irreversible path."

Indeed, regional alliances are being stitched together throughout Latin America.

*-Three months ago, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay agreed to create Mercosur - an ambitious plan for a common market - by 1995. Bolivia is expected to be invited to join the plan during the summit. The United States signed a deal with the group last month to expand trade and investment.

*-On April 2, Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela agreed to create a free trade zone by 1994.

*-In January, Mexico and Central American nations decided to form a free-trade zone by 1996.

*-Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia have resuscitated the Andean Pact - a 1960s integration plan - with the goal of lower, common, trade tariffs within five years. Europe sets pace

Trade liberalization and the concept of strength-in-unity has been pushed along by Europe's 1992 common market plan, Mexico's negotiations with the US and Canada for a North American free-trade pact, and US President Bush's one-year-old, "Enterprise for the Americas" plan to reduce debt and create a hemisphere-wide free-trade zone.

The Bush initiative so far has given Latin America little in economic terms, analysts say. "But it is providing a psychological and political boost to those urging more rapid reforms," says Peter Hakim, staff director of Inter-American Dialogue, a Washington, D. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Ibero-Americans to Move toward Integration Policy Seen as Economic Necessity as World Develops Trade Blocs. LATIN AMERICAN SUMMITRY
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.