Jackie Robinson's Legacies - on and off the Diamond He Endured Racial Taunts and Jim Crow Laws to Change America's Pastime Forever

By Phil Elderkin, Monitor | The Christian Science Monitor, April 15, 1997 | Go to article overview

Jackie Robinson's Legacies - on and off the Diamond He Endured Racial Taunts and Jim Crow Laws to Change America's Pastime Forever


Phil Elderkin, Monitor, The Christian Science Monitor


When Brooklyn Dodgers general manager Branch Rickey decided to give Jackie Robinson, an African-American, the chance to prove himself in all-white Major League Baseball, he quickly became one of the least popular men in the league.

Although he had the support of baseball commissioner Happy Chandler, Rickey infuriated his 15 fellow owners when he brought Robinson to Brooklyn in 1947. But he went ahead on his own terms, and made Robinson abide by them.

"Even with Rickey, there were conditions," explained Hall of Fame pitcher Don Newcombe, who would be one of the next two blacks on the Dodgers. "Jackie, who had always been very aggressive, had to promise Rickey in 1946 that ... he wouldn't fight back on the field. I mean no matter what kind of names some white fans called Robinson; no matter how often rival pitchers threw at his head, he had to agree not to react." "It wasn't easy for Jackie on road trips, either, because he was never allowed to stay at the same hotels or eat in the same restaurants as his teammates," continues Newcombe. When Robinson joined the Dodgers, he entered a different world. Before 1947, only a handful of blacks (usually passed off as dark-skinned American Indians or Cubans) had played occasionally at the major-league level. The only time professional baseball strayed from its closed-shop attitude was during occasional off-season exhibitions between major leaguers and Negro League teams. Targeted mostly for big cities without major league teams, the events drew huge crowds. The fact that Negro teams often won, especially if Satchel Paige pitched, made few headlines. But Robinson immediately made headlines for the Dodgers. He batted .297 with 12 home runs and chalked up 29 stolen bases - modest by today's standards, but eye-opening at a time when that weapon was not generally popular with managers. And the point is that Robinson didn't just run, he exploded with a sense of theater that put all other action on hold once he reached first base. Fans couldn't take their eyes off him. In fact, television was so intrigued by his base-stealing antics that it invented the split screen to let viewers watch Jackie and the pitcher at the same time. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Jackie Robinson's Legacies - on and off the Diamond He Endured Racial Taunts and Jim Crow Laws to Change America's Pastime Forever
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.