Rev. Sun Myung Moon; Founded Unification Church, Worldwide Religious Movement, Multibillion-Dollar Corporation
Kim, Hyung-Jin, St Louis Post-Dispatch (MO)
GAPYEONG, SOUTH KOREA - The Rev. Sun Myung Moon was a self- proclaimed messiah who built a global business empire. He called North Korean leaders and American presidents his friends but spent time in prisons in both countries. His followers around the world cherished him, while his detractors accused him of brainwashing recruits and extracting money from worshippers.
These contradictions did nothing to stop the founder of the Unification Church from turning his religious vision into a worldwide movement and a multibillion-dollar corporation stretching from the Korean Peninsula to the United States.
Rev. Moon died today (Sept. 3, 2012) at a church-owned hospital near his home in Gapyeong, northeast of Seoul, two weeks after being hospitalized with pneumonia, Unification Church spokesman Ahn Ho- yeul told The Associated Press. Rev. Moon's wife and children were at his side, Ahn said. He was 92.
The church will hold a 13-day mourning period and start accepting mourners Thursday at a multipurpose gym at its nearby religious center, the church said in a statement. The funeral will be Sept. 15, and Rev. Moon will be buried at nearby Cheonseung Mountain, where his home is located, the statement said.
Rev. Moon founded his Bible-based religion in Seoul in 1954, a year after the Korean War ended, saying Jesus Christ personally called on him to complete his work.
The church gained fame - and notoriety - by marrying thousands of followers in mass ceremonies presided over by Rev. Moon himself. The couples often came from different countries and had never met, but were matched up by Rev. Moon in a bid to build a multicultural religious world.
Today, the Unification Church claims 3 million followers worldwide, including 100,000 members in the U.S., Ahn said. But ex- members and critics say the figure is actually no more than 100,000 worldwide.
The church's holdings included the Washington Times newspaper; Connecticut's Bridgeport University; the New Yorker Hotel, a midtown Manhattan art deco landmark; and a seafood distribution firm that supplies sushi to Japanese restaurants across the U.S. It acquired a ski resort, a professional soccer team and other businesses in South Korea. It also operates a foreign-owned luxury hotel in North Korea and jointly operates a fledgling North Korean automaker. …