Germany Rethinks Its Foreign Policy ; Spurred by Global Crises, Officials Ask for New Focus in Diplomacy and Military

By Smale, Alison | International New York Times, February 3, 2014 | Go to article overview

Germany Rethinks Its Foreign Policy ; Spurred by Global Crises, Officials Ask for New Focus in Diplomacy and Military


Smale, Alison, International New York Times


Some leaders are suggesting that the country should no longer reflexively avoid some military deployments, as it did in Libya almost three years ago.

German leaders are pushing a vigorous new case that it is time for their nation to find a more muscular voice in foreign affairs, even suggesting that Germany should no longer reflexively avoid some military deployments, as it did in Libya almost three years ago.

Chancellor Angela Merkel has yet to weigh in on the use of the military, and it is not clear how willing the German public is to embrace a more assertive posture. But a variety of senior officials are urging a rethinking of the country's assumptions about its diplomatic and military role. They are driven partly by alarm about crises from Ukraine to Africa, but also by unease about the strength of Germany's partnership with the United States after revelations of American spying, and about American officials' increasing reluctance to take the lead in interventions.

President Joachim Gauck sent the strongest signal yet of a possible change in direction with a speech late on Friday at the Munich Security Conference, an annual gathering that attracts an array of world leaders and defense experts and has historically been a forum for sharp policy debates.

Germany's Nazi and Communist pasts are no excuse for ducking international duties, Mr. Gauck said. He argued that the current Germany -- "the best we have ever known," he said -- was well established as a democracy and as a reliable partner and ally, and that it should step out "earlier, more decisively and more substantially" on the world stage.

The president has no power to make policy under Germany's Constitution, but is expected to guide debate.

Gunther Nonnenmacher, co-publisher of Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, a center-right newspaper, wrote after the speech that Mr. Gauck "may well have spoken the authoritative word in the debate over German foreign and security policy."

In his widely covered speech, Mr. Gauck, who was a Lutheran pastor in Communist East Germany before the Berlin Wall fell, told his 80 million compatriots that stepping up to the demands of a fast- changing world was "the greatest challenge of our time."

Without mentioning Libya -- Germany abstained from a United Nations vote endorsing military intervention therein 2011 and refused to take any part -- Mr. Gauck signaled that such behavior should not be repeated. International airstrikes against Libya helped lead to the ouster of Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi.

German troops have been in Afghanistan since 2001 and in the Balkans since the 1990s. But, particularly during Ms. Merkel's second term, the country has shied away from other military action, in part because the euro zone crisis has consumed its attention. France has taken a more active role in policing conflicts, including sending troops to Mali. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Germany Rethinks Its Foreign Policy ; Spurred by Global Crises, Officials Ask for New Focus in Diplomacy and Military
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.