State Banking Industry Alive and Well
Titus, Nancy Raiden, THE JOURNAL RECORD
By Nancy Raiden Titus Journal Record Staff Reporter ``The commerical banking industry in Oklahoma is alive and well,'' Bruce T. Benbrook, president of the Oklahoma Bankers Association, told reporters at a news conference Monday to counter recent negative publicity concerning the health of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.
``It is not news to say that if a major money-center bank fails, the bank insurance fund would be broke. Everyone knows that $200 billion in deposits at such a large bank, for example, is more than $13 billion in the insurance fund,'' he said.
Benbrook referred to media and congressional attention generated as a result of a General Accounting Office report given last week that indicated a possible collapse of the FDIC if even one major money-center bank failed.
Benbrook said several things were left out of that report, including the fact 90 percent of the nation's banks showed a second quarter profit - 88 percent of Oklahoma banks were profitable in the second quarter - and that recent changes will require banks to pay an additional $5 billion to shore up the fund in 1991.
He said banks have been required to pay premiums of 8.5 cents for every $100 in deposits. Next year the amount will be 19.5 cents for every $100, an increase of 129 percent.
The increases will mean Oklahoma banks will pay about $45 million in 1991, which represents an increase of 47 percent or $17 million over 1990, Benbrook said.
Benbrook added that the additional expenses for banks caused by increased premiums would have to be made up, so the consumer will probably feel it somewhere, such as increased interest rates on loans.
``Banks are willing to do their share,'' he said. ``But increasing deposit insurance premiums alone is not the solution. What is needed is reform of the system in such a way that all providers of financial services to consumers, including credit unions, can be treated by similar, bank-like rules so that the savings and loan fiasco can never be repeated again.''
Benbrook pointed to five differences between banks and savings and loans.
First, he said banks have a diversified earnings base while savings and loans have concentrated holdings in real estate and long-term home mortgages.
Second, he called a bank regulators' insistence on adequate capital levels the ``first line of defense'' and said capital requirements for savings and loans were weak.
Third, he said savings and loans were allowed to use permissive accounting standards while banks have been held to strict standards. …