Women in Science: Is There a Glass Ceiling in the Laboratory?

By Drs. J. Donald Capra, Joan W. Conaway and Carol F. Webb Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation | THE JOURNAL RECORD, January 26, 2000 | Go to article overview

Women in Science: Is There a Glass Ceiling in the Laboratory?


Drs. J. Donald Capra, Joan W. Conaway and Carol F. Webb Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, THE JOURNAL RECORD


As is the case in many professions, women have had a difficult time obtaining parity in science. International and national studies aside, the circumstances at the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation provide a window into the issues.

Of the 38 current "members" of the scientific staff -- i.e., principal investigator with permanent appointment -- nine scientists, or almost 24 percent, are women. Notably, women accounted for 40 percent of new hires at OMRF in the last decade.

Although women make up a significant percentage of graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and young faculty in science today, nationwide only a relatively small fraction of the senior faculty ranks are filled by women. Indeed, only about 13 percent of the senior faculty in colleges and universities in the United States are women, according to a recent article in Science (286:1272-1278).

The OMRF does considerably better. Of the 29 senior faculty here, seven are women, representing nearly one quarter of the senior staff. However, only one female scientist has risen to the very top rank of faculty -- a program or department head -- and she recently relocated out of state. Currently there are no women serving at that level at the OMRF.

Why are women relatively under-represented in science, particularly at the senior ranks?

Several factors come into play. Science, like medicine, law, and business management, is not a 9-to-5 job. Most successful scientists -- both men and women -- seem to spend virtually all of their waking hours immersed in and conducting their research. Consequently, these scientists must strike a delicate balance between work and family. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Women in Science: Is There a Glass Ceiling in the Laboratory?
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.