U.S. Security Assistance to the Former Soviet Union
Mendelsohn, Jack, Cerniello, Craig, Arms Control Today
U.S. security assistance to the former Soviet Union began in 1991 when Congress authorized the Department of Defense (DOD) to transfer up to $400 million in its fiscal year (FY) 1992 budget to help former Soviet republics destroy nuclear, chemical and other weapons, and "establish verifiable safeguards against the proliferation of such weapons."
In each of the following three fiscal years, Congress authorized $400 million in DOD funding for the so-called "NunnLugar" program-named for the legislation's original sponsors: Senators Sam Nunn (D-GA) and Richard Lugar (R-IN)-formally known as the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) program. Although Congress reduced the Pentagon's CTR funding in FY96 to $300 million, the FY97 defense authorization bill signed September 23 by President Bill Clinton includes $365 million in funding for the program-$37 million more than the Clinton administration requested.
The bill also authorizes $201 million for a follow-on program ("Nunn-Lugar II") that continues efforts to dismantle and destroy nuclear weapons in the former Soviet Union, and seeks to enhance U.S. preparedness in responding to incidents involving the use or threatened use of weapons of mass destruction in the United States. …