PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: Britain and the Opening Up of South-West Persia 1880-1914: A Study in Imperialism and Economic Dependence

By Floor, Willem | The Middle East Journal, Summer 2006 | Go to article overview

PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: Britain and the Opening Up of South-West Persia 1880-1914: A Study in Imperialism and Economic Dependence


Floor, Willem, The Middle East Journal


PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY Britain and the Opening Up of South-West Persia 1880-1914: A Study in Imperialism and Economic Dependence, Shahbaz Shahnavaz. London, UK and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005. 187 pages. Appends, to p. 224. Notes to p. 263. Bibl. to p. 284. Index to p. 290. GBP65.

In eight chapters, the author analyzes British imperialism in Khuzestan and the latter's subsequent economic "dependence." Chapter 1 provides historical background on the province, in particular about the ethnic composition of its population, the rise of the Shaykh of Mohammarah and the Iranian refusal of foreign nations' use of the Karun. Chapter 2 details British policy as represente by Ambassador Henry Drummond-Wolff, who tried to open up Iran for more British investment and influence by having the Shah agree to provide nominally better protection for property rights and to allow modern banking to be established. Chapter 3 describes how Drummond-Wolff coerced the Shah to agree to the opening of the Karan River and Russia's negative reaction, which was only assuaged by granting it the exclusive right to build railways in Iran. Drummond-Wolff was also able to get royal agreement to the establishment of the Imperial Bank of Persia (now HSBC).

Chapter 4 assesses the extreme poverty of the population of Khuzestan and the nature of its trade prior to 1890, which was limited and mainly barter, and the Ottoman reaction to try and have merchants favor the Basra-Baghdad over the MohammarahKarun route. Further, the limited agricultural development of Khuzestan and the barriers constraining its extension (land tenure, taxation, share-cropping, water, insecurity, manpower) is discussed. Chapter 5 focuses on the patterns of trade in Southern Persia up to 1889 and shows an almost 20-fold increase in trade between India and the Persian Gulf since 1800. Chapter 6 discusses the development of trade in Khuzestan after 1890. Chapter 7 outlines the structural changes that took place in Khuzestan, such as: an increase of its population by 150% (1880-1920), increased sedentarization, growth of large settled communities, major investments in public works, greater access to modern (banking, postal) services, establishment of the oil industry resulting in major capital investment and an influx of foreign skilled labor, all of which had an upward effect of wages and prices. The last chapter discusses the consolidation of British power in Khuzestan followed by the book's conclusions.

There are two problems with this otherwise interesting study. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: Britain and the Opening Up of South-West Persia 1880-1914: A Study in Imperialism and Economic Dependence
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.