Alcoholism - A Public Health Issue

By Potkonjak, Jelena; Thaller, Vlatko et al. | Alcoholism, July 1, 2005 | Go to article overview

Alcoholism - A Public Health Issue


Potkonjak, Jelena, Thaller, Vlatko, Golik-Gruber, Vesna, Karlovic, Dalibor, Marusic, Srdan, Alcoholism


Summary - It is well known that alcoholism and the abuse of alcohol cause serious medical, psychiatric, social, economic and legal problems. Alcohol abuse-related problems appear as early as in primary school, together with smoking, while the drug problem appears a little later. Alcoholism is especially dangerous in traffic. It strikes women ever more frequently, lonely elderly people and especially the people in the undeveloped, transitional and wartorn countries. Alcoholism is becoming a major social and medical problem, so over a million of Croats (including the families of alcoholics) suffer from alcoholism-related problems.

Solutions to these problems are hard to find due to the serious economic and historical connotations of the consumption of alcohol, as well as those that have to do with cultural heritage of every country. The development of public health policy towards alcoholism includes the need for national planning and coordination regarding prevention and rehabilitation, and must be understood as closely connected, complementary and sometimes joined activities of the public health system services, with the goal of solving the problems connected with the excessive consumption and addiction to alcohol. This paper deals with the treatment of alcoholism as a public health problem.

(Alcoholism 2005; 41:73-85)

Key words: Alcohol dependence; Public health, Croatia; Treatment programs

The organization of treatment and methods used vary in different countries and partly depend on country's resources and its social philosophy and tradition.1 Since alcohol and the problems related to its excessive consumption take up an important place in social context, a policy of treatment (or prevention) that presumes that the alcohol-related problems are not connected with the wider social and economic consequences is doomed to fail.2

The family procedures in hospital and out-patient treatment are generally recognized in the world and had proved successful in our practice, particularly at the Department of Psychiatry, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital with the Referral Center of Ministry oh Health of the Republic of Croatia for Alcoholism, Vinogradska c.29, Zagreb, Croatia. We also attempt to, besides various other positive effects achieved in the clubs of treated alcoholics, include the kids in the treatment procedure and succeed in breaking the family chain of alcoholism, i.e. return the sober happiness to the entire family.3-7

The range of factors and measures dealing with counseling and treatment of alcoholics, and persons with problems related to alcohol is wide. That range encircles activities and employees from primary health care, general hospitals, psychiatric services and specialized services, designed to treat both hospitalized patients and out-patients. There is also a contribution of laymen's organizations and self-health groups. In our social surroundings, such are the clubs of treated alcoholics (CTA).8-9

The requirements that need to be fulfilled for the treatment of alcoholics vary considerably. The public policy should strive to provide different modes of intervention, to suit the needs of different individuals, depending on the level of addiction, level of problems related to alcohol, weaknesses, personalities, psychopathologies and somatic and social status.

In many countries, the modes of treatment are not enough specialized to suit the individual needs of different patients. The various, but indispensable types of services are not always provided, and some services, particularly those dealing with out-patients, are frequently concentrated just in towns. In some countries, we have noticed the uniformity of the models of treatment.10

Leading the program of treatment according to some rule-book can not be the right way, although even such strict approach to the treatment can have its advantages. Different patients with different problems related to alcohol require the different models of aid. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Alcoholism - A Public Health Issue
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.