No Deal Reached on Chinese Missile Proliferation
Wagner, Alex, Arms Control Today
DURING A FEBRUARY 21-22 state visit to China, President George W. Bush failed to resolve concerns about Beijing's implementation of a deal to curb Chinese missile proliferation, despite a recent report that agreement could be within reach.
The Bush administration contends that China has repeatedly violated a November 2000 agreement in which Beijing committed not to help states develop "in any way...ballistic missiles that can be used to deliver nuclear weapons" and to enact a comprehensive missile and missile-technology export control system. (See ACT, December 2000.)
As recently as January, the CIA accused China of breaching its commitments under the deal, noting that during the first half of 2001, China provided Pakistan with "missile-related technical assistance" and that Chinese firms transferred "dual-use missile-related items, raw materials, and/or assistance" to Iran, North Korea, and Libya.
National security adviser Condoleezza Rice said that the United States wants China to design and implement a national export control law that was required by the November 2000 agreement. Beijing has yet to do so and, according to a February 27 New York Times report, insists that the United States first meet a promise it made under the deal to resume processing applications for U.S. companies to launch their satellites on Chinese rockets, a process that has been suspended since February 2000. This would require Washington to waive sanctions that bar the United States from exporting satellites to China for launch. Beijing also wants Washington to lift sanctions levied on a Chinese firm in September 2001 for missile proliferation. …