Editorial: ICT for Education and Training

By Marshall, Stewart; Taylor, Wal | International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, November/December 2006 | Go to article overview

Editorial: ICT for Education and Training


Marshall, Stewart, Taylor, Wal, International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology


Welcome to Volume 2, Issue 4 of the International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT). This issue contains articles concerned with using information and communication technologies (ICT) in educational settings so as to empower local communities. It brings articles from and/or about Australia, Barbados, Canada, Eritrea, India, Nigeria, South Africa and the Sultanate of Oman.

A major focus of this journal is on the utilisation of responsive and localised ICT for the socioeconomic empowerment of rural communities. This is also the focus Ganga Prasad GL, Amitav Nath and Rakesh Mishra in their article "Community content sharing: Towards telecentre's Lab to Land approach". They explain the methodology of "lab to land" adopted by the ICT R&T Centre in India, and that this is well accepted by the farmers and women who are using ECKO successfully. They also outline the issues of learning, challenges faced and the edge that technology has over other community based management systems.

In "Pattern of usage of various electronic media by higher education students", S. Arulchelvan and D. Viswanathan provide an analysis of the different investment-centric educational media from the perspective of the student users in urban and rural areas of Tamilnadu in India. Respondents were requested to provide information on the frequency, timing, and place of usage of radio, TV, internet, compact discs and teleconferencing and were asked to report on the usefulness of these media. The various demographic variables are associated with media usage patterns. The main findings of the analysis suggest that the Internet is comparatively moreutilized among the media.

Ken Stevens describes how small schools in rural Canadian communities have had a special role in the development of e-learning and the management of digital knowledge within customized electronic educational structures. His article, "Rural schools as regional centres of e-learning and the management of digital knowledge: The case of Newfoundland and Labrador", he describes how the school district digital intranet provides a new educational environment that complements and extends traditional schools. It also challenges the traditional educational practice of teachers and learners interacting in closed learning environments and encourages them to consider the possibilities of engaging in open classrooms that are compatible with a knowledge-based economy.

In "Applications of computer-aided assessment in the diagnosis of science learning and teaching", Muwanga-Zake reports on a qualitative evaluation using questionnaires and interviews in South African Grade 10 classes on the diagnostic value of Computer-Aided Assessment (CAA). A two-stage evaluation was necessary: the first stage involved validation of diagnostic test items; and the second stage evaluated the diagnostic value of data that CAA produces. While results confirmed earlier findings about the advantages of CAA, the diagnostic and remediation potential of CAA data depended upon teachers' capacity to set diagnostic test items particularly in a multiple-choice format, teachers' ability to interpret data produced by CAA, teachers' skills in remedying their classroom as well as learners' problems, the quality of the test items, and the learning as well as the teaching strategies.

Ravinder Rena, in "Education and human resource development in post-independent Eritrea: An explanatory note" describes how the Government of Eritrea is offering both formal and informal training programmes at different levels in order to develop human resources in the country. The author analyses the educational and human resource development after independence, and also provides a detailed account of technical and vocation education with special reference to skill development programme.

In "Impact of WebCT on learning: An Oman experience", Syed Naqvi describes a study that investigated the impact of WebCT on students learning taking a course "Introduction to Computers in Business" offered at the College of Commerce and Economics, Sultan Qaboos University in the Sultanate of Oman. …

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