Electronic Publishing in Canada

By Peek, Robin | Information Today, May 1997 | Go to article overview

Electronic Publishing in Canada


Peek, Robin, Information Today


The future of scholarly communication, or more specifically, scholarly publishing, is being debated within the academic disciplines and across international borders. Although the Internet is a worldwide publishing revolution, the migration to an electronic means of disseminating scholarly works will probably take place on a country-by-country basis. Resources, copyright issues, and infrastructure will all influence which countries will take leadership positions and which countries will follow. A recent national conference held in Vancouver, BC, called "Scholarly Communication in the Next Millennium " illustrated the issues faced by Canada as it charts its future in electronic publishing. This conference took place March 5 through 8 at Simon Fraser University.

The conference had a single-track series of presentations for three days, and on the last day the conference attendees broke into working groups. Before the conference, all attendees were sent a copy of the final report of a task force on academic libraries and scholarly communication, jointly sponsored by the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada/ Canadian Association of Research Libraries (AUCC/CARL). The report, "The Changing World of Scholarly Communication: Challenges and Choices for Canada" (ftp://homer.aucc.ca/pub/ carl/aucccarl.htm), was published in November 1996.

This document was not only mentioned throughout the conference, the task of the working groups was to respond to the implementation of the 28 recommendations for both local and national actions included in the report. Important Themes

I found that there were several general themes mentioned throughout the conference, as well as in the report, which demonstrate how Canada could take a leadership role in electronic publishing. One factor that differentiates Canada from the United States lies in the nature of its college and university infrastructure. Canada's higher education system is primarily public (funded by federal and provincial governments) and has few private institutions. Such a funding and governance structure could allow Canada to more easily create more centralized functions, such as creating a university-controlled common site for the formatting and dissemination of scholarly works, one of the recommendations of the report. Canada also has fewer institutions of higher education than the U.S., which could facilitate coordination activities.

Another factor that is contributing to Canada's interest in exploring electronic publishing of its journals is the condition of the country's devalued dollar, which makes the rising costs of print publications purchased from the U.S. and Europe even more pronounced. An issue frequently discussed by the presenters was the relationship of Canadian scholars and publishers. For example, David Beattie, director of SchoolNet, Industry Canada, and David McCallum, consultant, Industry Canada, argued that declining government support was imperiling paper-based Canadian journals and that researchers were increasingly forced to publish outside of the country. In other words, Canadian scholars are exporting their scholarship for free, which the Canadian government has frequently paid for, and in turn Canada has to pay to import it back. While it could be argued that this is a similar fate to scholarship in the U.S. or certain countries in Europe, the difference lies in that this model of export/import does not return publishing and/or tax revenues to the government of Canada. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Electronic Publishing in Canada
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.