Online Shopping Acceptance Model - a Critical Survey of Consumer Factors in Online Shopping

By Zhou, Lina; Dai, Liwei et al. | Journal of Electronic Commerce Research, February 1, 2007 | Go to article overview

Online Shopping Acceptance Model - a Critical Survey of Consumer Factors in Online Shopping


Zhou, Lina, Dai, Liwei, Zhang, Dongsong, Journal of Electronic Commerce Research


ABATRACT

Since the late 1990s, online shopping has taken off as an increasing number of consumers purchase increasingly diversified products on the Internet. Given that how to attract and retain consumers is critical to the success of online retailers, research on the antecedents of consumer acceptance of online shopping has attracted widespread attention. There has yet to be a holistic view of online shopping acceptance from the perspective of consumers. In this research, we conducted an extensive survey of extant related studies and synthesized their findings into a reference model called OSAM (Online Shopping Acceptance Model) to explain consumer acceptance of online shopping. Our literature survey reveals that a myriad of factors have been examined in the context of online shopping and mixed results on those factors have been reported. The proposed model helps reconcile conflicting findings, discover recent trends in this line of research, and shed light on future research directions.

Keywords: online shopping, acceptance, consumer behavior, shopping intention, e-commerce.

1. A Consumer-oriented View of Online Shopping

Online shopping is becoming increasingly popular. Online retail sales are estimated to grow from $172 billion in 2005 to $329 billion in 2010 [Johnson 2005]. There are 32 countries worldwide with the Internet penetration rate higher than 50% (http://www.internetworldstats.com). As of April 2006, 73% of American adults are Internet users (http://www.pewinternet.org). Moreover, Internet users' ability to shop online has significantly improved from 16% to 32% since March 2001. The potential benefits of online shopping for consumers include convenience, various selection, low price, original services, personal attention, and easy access to information, among others.

The proliferation of online shopping has stimulated widespread research aimed at attracting and retaining consumers from either a consumer- or a technology-oriented view [Jarvenpaa and Todd 1997]. The consumer-oriented view focuses on consumers' salient beliefs about online shopping. Such beliefs may influence purchase channel selection. For example, online consumer behavior has been examined from the perspectives of consumer demographics [Brown et al. 2003; Chau et al. 2002; Korgaonkar et al. 2004; Li et al. 1999; O'Keefe et al. 2000; Park and Jun 2003; Park et al. 2004; Stafford et al. 2004], cognitive/psychological characteristics [Hoffman and Novak 1996; Huang 2003; Lynch and Beck 2001; Novak et al. 2000; Wolfinbarger and Gilly 2001; Xia 2002], perceptions of risks and benefits toward online shopping [Bhatnagar and Ghose 2004a; Bhatnagar and Ghose 2004b; Bhatnagar et al. 2000; Featherman and Pavlou 2003; Garbarino and Strabilevitz 2004; Huang et al. 2004; Jarvenpaa and Todd 1997; Jarvenpaa and Tractinsky 1999; Jarvenpaa et al. 1999; Joines et al. 2003; Kolsaker et al. 2004; Liang and Jin-Shiang 1998; Liao and Cheung 2001; Park et al. 2004; Pavlou 2003; Pires et al. 2004; Solomon 1999], shopping motivation [Childers et al. 2001; Johnson et al. 2004; Novak et al. 2000; Wolfinbarger and Gilly 2001], and shopping orientation [Donthu and Garcia 1999; Korgaonkar and Wolin 1999; Li et al. 1999; Swaminathan et al. 1999]. The technology-oriented view, on the other hand, explains and predicts consumer acceptance of online shopping by examining technical specifications of an online store. These specifications include user interface features, Web site content and design, and system usability. The above two views do not contradict but rather reinforce each other. Because the success of an electronic market largely depends on consumers' willingness to accept it, we adopt the consumer-oriented view of online shopping in this study.

As the competition in e-commerce is intensified, it becomes more important for online retailers to understand the antecedents of consumer acceptance of online shopping. Such knowledge is essential to customer relationship management, which has been recognized as an effective business strategy to achieve success in the electronic market. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Online Shopping Acceptance Model - a Critical Survey of Consumer Factors in Online Shopping
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.