Kaxumba kaNdola: Man and Myth. the Biography of a Barefoot Soldier/Armed Liberation Struggle: Some Accounts of PLAN's Combat Operations

By Dale, Richard | African Studies Review, December 2006 | Go to article overview

Kaxumba kaNdola: Man and Myth. the Biography of a Barefoot Soldier/Armed Liberation Struggle: Some Accounts of PLAN's Combat Operations


Dale, Richard, African Studies Review


Ellen N. Namhila. Kaxumba kaNdola: Man and Myth. The Biography of a Barefoot Soldier. Basel: Basler Afrika Bibliographien, 2005. Lives, Legacies, Legends Series no. 2. xi + 157 pp. Illustrations. Notes. Bibliography. Index. CHF 50.00. Paper.

Oswin O. Namakalu. Armed Liberation Struggle: Some Accounts of PLAN's Combat Operations. Windhoek: Gamsberg Macmillan Publishers Ltd., 2004. xii + 187 pp. Illustrations. Tables. Notes. Bibliography. N$125.00. Paper.

Ellen Namhila, the director of Library and Archival Services in the Namibian Ministry of Education, apparently began Kaxumba kaNdola: Man and Myth at least as far back as August 2000, when she presented a paper, "Kaxumba kaNdola: The Man and the Legend," at a conference entitled "Public History: Forgotten History," held in Windhoek. Kaxumba kaNdola is the Oshiwambo name by which Noah Eliaser Tuhadelini (1918-1997) was known to his neighbors and acquaintances in Namibia. In Oshiwambo (mother tongue of 48.5 percent of the Namibian population, according to the 2001 census), "Kaxumba" signifies "a musical instrument, a harmonica or piano" (5); thus this part of the name acknowledges his singing ability. The second part of the name, "kaNdola," presumably refers to the village of Endola in northern Namibia, where he spent his early years, later made his home, and was buried.

Those unfamiliar with Namibian nationalism and the subsequent war of independence (1966-89) may well wonder who Kaxumba KaNdola is and why he merits a biography. To begin with, Noah Eliaser Tuhadelini is the name that appears in the famous 1967-68 case of State v. Eliaser Tuhadelini and Others in Pretoria, in which South Africa first applied the retroactive Terrorism Act of 1967 to thirty-seven Namibian defendants. It was at this trial that another defendant, Andimba Toivo yaToivo (who wrote the foreword to this biography), delivered the famous speech from the dock that ranks with Nelson Mandela's statement in the Rivonia Trial as a classic in the lexicon of southern African nationalism. Although much was made of that trial in the South African press and also in the international print media and in the United Nations, little of the verbatim trial record (in Afrikaans) was entered into the public domain. Only recently have the National Archives of Namibia acquired photocopies of the trial records, to which the author refers. Moreover, the important role played by the International Defense and Aid Fund for Southern Africa in providing legal fees for the defendants' legal team was kept well hidden until the publication of Denis Herbstein's White lies: Canon Collins and the secret War against Apartheid (Cape Town, 2004) (see review this issue).

second, Kaxumba kaNdola can be regarded as an archetypical Namibian nationalist: a rather traditional yeoman farmer in the northern region of Namibia often known as Ovamboland, then a meagerly educated contract worker in both Namibia and South Africa, and finally a prisoner in Robben Island as a result of the Pretoria trial. In each of these roles he experienced some of the worst privations and humiliations of apartheid. In spite of-or because of- these privations, he became a true believer in the nationalist cause as embodied in the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO), as well as an enthusiastic party mobilizer. A sage yet humble man, he came to serve as a role model for many; some called him a "barefoot soldier" (36, 92).

This biography draws on taped interviews with fourteen informants, including family members and fellow Namibian prisoners on Robben Island. To some extent Namhila's pioneering study resembles the volume edited by Barbara Becker (Speaking Out: Namibians Share Their Perspectives on Independence, Out of Africa Publishers, 2005) in that it includes verbatim transcripts of the interviews (translated when necessary), with the author mediating between speaker and listener/reader. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Kaxumba kaNdola: Man and Myth. the Biography of a Barefoot Soldier/Armed Liberation Struggle: Some Accounts of PLAN's Combat Operations
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.